ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•

ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื™ื– ืึท ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืงื•ืงื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืจืขื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ. ืกื˜ื™ืžื™ืึทืœื™ื™ืฅ ืœืึทื“ื–ืฉื™ืงืึทืœ-ืžืึทื˜ืึทืžืึทื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ืจื™ื–ืึทื ื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ืง ื˜ืจืื›ื˜ืŸ. ืื™ืŸ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื•ื™ืกืงื•ืžืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ืขืŸ ืึทื– ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืคื™ืจื•ื ื’, ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื“ื™ ืฆื•ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืขืก, ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ื˜ืึธื’ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื•ื•ืขืจืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ืžืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจื•ื•ื™ื™ืœืขืจื™ืฉืข.

ื™ื ื“ืขืงืก()

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•: ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ ืฉืจื™ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืฉืจื™ื˜ ๐Ÿ™‚

    ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท ืจื™ื–ื™ืง ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืฆืขื˜ื™ื™ืœื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื–, ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืจื•ืคึผื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื–. ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜ ื”ืื˜ 9 ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ื™ืŸ.

    ื“ืขืจ ืฆื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ื– ืฆื• ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ืžื™ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืึทื–:

    • ื›ืœ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช (ื”ืึธืจื™ื–ืึธื ื˜ืึทืœ) ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9 ืึธืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’.
    • ืืœืข ืฉืคืืœื˜ืŸ (ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ) ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9 ืึธืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’.
    • ืึทืœืข ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ื–ื™ื™ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9 ืึธืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’.

    ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•?

    ืื•ื™ืฃ ื’ื•ื˜ืข ื™ืืคืื ืขื–ืขืจ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ื ืืžืขืŸ, ื•ื•ืืก ืžื™ืจ ืืœืข ืงืขื ืขืŸ, ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ื ืกื™ืžืคึผืœื™ื–ืืฆื™ืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ื“ืขืจ ืคึฟืจืึทื–ืข "suji wa dokushin ni kagiru", ื•ื•ืืก ืžื™ื™ื ื˜ ืขืก "ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื™ื ืฆื™ืง"ืื•ืŸ ืขืก ืจืขืคืขืจืก ืฆื• ืึท ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจื™ืงืึทืœ ืคืึทืจื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœื•ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื ืกื˜ืจืึทืงืฉืึทื ื– ื•ื•ืขืžืขื ืก ืึธื‘ื™ืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื• ืื™ื– ืฆื• ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ื‘ืึธืงืกืขืก ื“ื•ืจืš ืึท ืึธืจื“ืขืจืœื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจื™ืงืึทืœ ืกื™ืงื•ื•ืึทื ืก. ืึทื– ืจื™ืงื•ื•ื™ื™ืขืจื– ืœืึธื’ื™ืง ืื•ืŸ ืจื™ื–ืึทื ื™ื ื’ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื”ืึทื›ืœืึธื˜ืข.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื’ืขืฉื™ื›ื˜ืข ๐Ÿค“

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื’ืขืฉื™ื›ื˜ืข

     

    ื˜ืจืึธืฅ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืึธืžืขืŸ, ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืึทืคึผืึทืŸ, ื“ื™ ื“ืขืจืคื™ื ื“ื•ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืึทื˜ืจื™ื‘ื™ืึทื˜ืึทื“ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืฉื•ื•ื™ื™ืฆืขืจ ืžืึทื˜ืึทืžืึทื˜ื™ืฉืึทืŸ ืœืขืึธื ื”ืึทืจื“ ืขื•ืœืขืจ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ XVIII ื™ืึธืจื”ื•ื ื“ืขืจื˜, ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืขืจ ื”ืึธื˜ ื’ืขืจื•ืคึฟืŸ "ืœืึทื˜ื™ื™ึทืŸ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื–", ืึท ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืœื›ืข ื“ื™ ืคื™ื’ื™ืขืจื– ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ื ืึธืจ ืึทืžืึธืœ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ. 9 ืจืึธื•ื– ืื•ืŸ 9 ืฉืคืืœื˜ืŸ ื’ืขื•ื•ืืจืŸ ืคืึธืœืงืก ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื ื’ืขื”ื•ื™ื‘ืŸ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืืจื•ื™ืก ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ื•. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ 1970 ืขืจ.

    ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ื“ืึธืจื˜ ืื™ืŸ 1984, ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืึทืคึผืึทื ื™ืฉ ืžืึทืงื™ ืงืึทื“ื–ืฉื™ ื‘ืื’ืขื’ื ื˜ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ. ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืจ ื”ืึธื˜ ื–ื™ืš ืื•ืžื’ืขืงืขืจื˜ ืฆื• ื–ืฒึทืŸ ื”ื™ื™ืžืœืื ื“, ืงืึทื“ื–ืฉื™ ื™ืžืคึผืจื•ื•ื•ื“ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ (ืขืจ ื”ืื˜ ื’ืขื’ืขื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ืงืœื• ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืงืขืกื˜ืœ, ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืขื ืข ื“ื™ื’ืจื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจื™ืงื™ื™ื˜, ื‘ืึทืคึผื˜ื™ื™ื–ื“ ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืคืืจืงืขืจื˜ ืขืก ืื™ืŸ ืึท ื”ื™ืฅ ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืžืคึผื™ื™ื˜ืจื™ืึทืฅ: ื”ื™ื™ึทื ื˜ ื™ืึทืคึผืึทืŸ ื”ืื˜ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ 600,000 ืžืึทื’ืึทื–ื™ื ื– ืกืคึผืขืฉืึทืœื™ื™ื–ื“ ืื™ืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•.

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขืจื‘, ื’ืึทืžื‘ืœื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืžืฉื•ื’ืข ืื™ืŸ 2005. ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ืฉืจื™ื˜ ืื™ื– ื’ืขื ื•ืžืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ 1997, ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœืึทื ื“ืขืจ Wayne Gould ื‘ืื–ื•ื›ื˜ ื™ืึทืคึผืึทืŸ, ื’ืขืœืขืจื ื˜ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขื•ื•ืขืœืึธืคึผืขื“ ืึท ืงืึธืžืคึผื™ื•ื˜ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ื‘ืืคืจื™ื™ื˜ ืื™ืŸ 2004. 8 ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฆื•ืจื™ืง, ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืจื™ื™ื™ืฉืึทื ื– ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื ื’ืขื”ื•ื™ื‘ืŸ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืืจื•ื™ืก ื˜ืขื’ืœืขืš ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ Times ืฆื™ื™ื˜ื•ื ื’, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืึทืœื“ ื ืื›ื’ืขื’ืื ื’ืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืคืึทืจืžืขืกื˜ ืึทืจื•ื ื“ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขืœื˜.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจืฆื• ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืงืึทื ื•ื•ืขื ืฉืึทื ืึทืœ ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ, ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก:

    • ื“ื™ืึทื’ืึธื ืึทืœ: ืฆื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ, ืื™ืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื ืึธื›ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื–, ืคืึทืจืขื ื“ื™ืงืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ืžื™ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9, ืึธืŸ ื™ื‘ืขืจื›ืึทื–ืขืจื•ื ื’ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ืึธืจื™ื–ืึธื ื˜ืึทืœ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช. ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ื‘ื•ื™ืœืขื˜ ืึทืกืคึผืขืงื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืจืขื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ ืื™ื– ืึทื–, ืื™ืŸ ืึทื“ื™ืฉืึทืŸ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจื‘ื™ื ื“ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ืื•ืŸ ื”ืึธืจื™ื–ืึธื ื˜ืึทืœ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช, ืื™ืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืฆื•ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื•ื™ืคื˜ ื“ื™ื™ืึทื’ืึทื ืึทืœื– ื•ื•ืึธืก ืคืึธืจืžื™ืจืŸ ืึทืŸ X, ืžื™ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9 ืื•ืŸ ืึทื– ื–ื™ื™ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื–ื™ืš.
    • ื™ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœืขืจ: ืขืก ื”ืื˜ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื™ ืงืœืึทืกื™ืฉ, ืึทื—ื•ืฅ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื™ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœืขืจ.
    • ืงืึทืงื•ืจืึธ: ืคึผืœื™ื™ึทื™ื ื’ ืงืึทืงื•ืจืึธ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ, ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื”ืืœื˜ืŸ ืžืขืจ ืงืึธืžืคึผืœื™ืฆื™ืจื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•. ื“ื™ ืึธื‘ื™ืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื• ืื™ื– ืฆื• ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืคื•ืŸ 1 ืฆื• 9 ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืึทื– ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื™ืงื•ื•ืึทื ืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจื” ืื•ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื™ืงื•ื•ืึทื ืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ (ื›ืึธืจื™ื–ืึทื ื˜ืึทืœื™ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ื™ืงืœื™) ืื™ื– ื’ืœื™ื™ึทืš ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืคึฟืึทืจื‘ื•ื ื“ืขื ืข ืคื•ื ื˜. .
    • ืจืขืฆื™ื™ืขืš: ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึท ืงืึธืžื‘ื™ื ืึทืฆื™ืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื•ืŸ ืงืึทืงื•ืจืึธ. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ืžืึทืจืงื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ื’ืขื‘ื™ื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืขืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื“ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ืื ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื–ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜.
    • ืžืขื’ืึทืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•: ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ื“ื™ื“ื–ืฉืึทืฅ 1 ืฆื• 12 ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืึทืžืึธืœ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ, ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืื•ืŸ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜. ืขื ืœืขืš ืฆื• ื“ืขื ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืจื™ื™ ืžืขืจ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ.
    • ืžื™ื ื™ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•: ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึทื ื“ืขืจืฉ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืงืึทืžืคึผืึธื•ื–ื“ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ืงืœืขื ืขืจืขืจ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื–.
    • ืžื•ืœื˜ื™ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•: ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงืึทืžืคึผืจื™ื™ื–ื“ ืคื•ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•ืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืฆื•ื–ืึทืžืขืŸ ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืื™ื™ืŸ.

    ืขืฆื•ืช ืฆื• ืกืึธืœื•ื•ืข ืึท ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ๐Ÿ™‚

    sudoku giff

    ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื–ืึทืš ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืกืึทืœื•ื•ื™ื ื’ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื™ื– ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืึท ืคึฟืึธืจืžืึทื˜ ืฆื• ืคื™ืจืŸ (ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ, ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜). ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ื ืึธืจ ืื™ื™ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืคึผืจื•ื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ืึทืœืฅ ืื™ืŸ ืึทืžืึธืœ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืขื ื“ื™ืงืŸ ืฉืึทืคืœื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืงืึทื ืคื™ื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ืึทืœืฅ, ื•ื•ืึธืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ืคื™ืœ ืžืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ืœ.

    ื–ืึธื’ืŸ, ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื˜ ื‘ืึทืฉืœืึธืกืŸ ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืกืึทืœื•ื•ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ืฉื•ืจื•ืช. ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืึทื ืึทืœื™ื™ื– ื“ื™ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื”ืึธืจื™ื–ืึธื ื˜ืึทืœ ืฉื•ืจื” ืื•ืŸ ื–ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืคืขืœื ื“ื™ืง. ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ืกืงื•ื•ืขืจื– ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืคืขืœื ื“ื™ืง ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ, ื•ืคืžืขืจืงื–ืึทืžืงื™ื™ื˜ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืึทื– ืขืก ื˜ื•ื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื–ื™ืš.

    ื ืึธืš ืกืึทืœื•ื•ื™ื ื’ ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ืฉื•ืจื”, ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืจื’ืข ืฉื•ืจื” ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื“ืขื ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขืก. ื–ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื™ืจ ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืคืขืœื ื“ื™ืง ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืคื™ืœื•ื ื’. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 1 ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืจื’ืข ืฉื•ืจื”, ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ 1. ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš ืงื•ืง ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜. ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 1 ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื™ื’ื–ื™ืกืฅ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ, ืึทืจืึธืคึผื ืขืžืขืŸ ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ 1 ืื™ืŸ ืืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜. ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงื˜ ืฆื• ืฉื˜ืขื ื“ื™ืง ื˜ืฉืขืง ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืึทื“ืจืึทื˜.

    ื’ื™ื™ ื“ืขื ืจื™ื˜ื ื‘ื™ื– ื“ืขื ืกื•ืฃ, ืื•ืŸ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ื•ื™ืขืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืฃ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืžืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท ืคึผืœืึทืฅ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืคึผืึทืกื™ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืึธืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืขืคึผืขืก ืื™ื– ืคึผื•ื ืงื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื ื’ ืฆื• ื˜ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืขืก ื’ืจื™ื ื’ืขืจ.

     

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•: ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืขืก ๐Ÿค“

    ื“ืึธ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื ืงื’ืขืœื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืขืก ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืจ ืกืึธืœื•ื•ืข ืึท ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืจืขื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ.

    ืžื™ื˜ ื‘ืจืึทื ื“ื–

    ื ื™ืฆืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืงืก, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ (ืื•ืŸ ืืคื™ืœื• ืงืœืึธืจ ื•ื•ื™ ื“ืขืจ ื˜ืึธื’) ืขืฆื•ืช:

    ืื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ

     

    ืื™ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืคื•ื ื˜, ื”ื™ื˜ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืขื ื’ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืกืขืœื– ืžื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ. ื“ืขื ื™ื ื“ื™ืงื™ื™ืฅ ืึทื– ืขืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขื’ืœืขื›ืงื™ื™ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืฆืขืœ.

    ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืคืึทืจื‘ืึธืจื’ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ

    ืึธืคื˜ ืงื•ืงืŸ ืขื ื’, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท "ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืคืึทืจื‘ืึธืจื’ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ". ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืงืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื–ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืงืก. ืขืก ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืžืขื’ืœืขืš ืงืึทื ื“ื™ื“ืึทื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ, ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ. ื–ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืœื“ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื™ึทื˜:

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื‘ื™ืœื“ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ื–ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1 ืื•ืŸ 8 ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ืžืึธืœ ืื™ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืจื™ืกืคึผืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื• 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“ืก. ื“ืึธืก ื™ื ื“ื™ืงื™ื™ืฅ ืึทื– ื–ื™ื™ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื“ืึทื•ื•ืงืข ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 2

    ืื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืึธืจ

    1. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืงืก ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื’ืจื•ืคึผืข (ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ, ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื’ืจื™ื“), ืขืก ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ืคึผืึธืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื“ืึทื•ื•ืงืข ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฆื•ื•ื™ื™ ืกืขืœื–. ื–ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืœื“ ืื•ื ื˜ืŸ:

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 4

    2. ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื‘ื™ืœื“ ืžื™ืจ ื–ืขืŸ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1 ืื•ืŸ 3 ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืึทืœื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ื•ื™ื™ ืกืขืœื–, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื–ื™ื™ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืจืŸ ื’ืขื ื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกืขืœื–. ืžื™ืจ ื ืึธืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืฆืขืœ. ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1 ืื•ืŸ 3 ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ืกืขืœื–. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ืžื™ืจ ื ืึธืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœืขื’ื ื”ื™ื™ึทื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 4

    ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืœืึทื‘ืขืœืก๐Ÿค“

    ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ืขื ืข ื•ื•ืึธืก ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืฆื• ื ื•ืฆืŸ ื‘ืจืึทื ื“ื–, ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื“ืขืจืงืœืขืจืŸ ืึท ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ื ื•ืฆื™ืง ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข.

    ืงืจืึธืกื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช

    ื“ื™ ืงืจืึธืกื™ื– ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื˜ืขื›ื ื™ืง ืื™ื– ืขืคืฉืขืจ ื“ื™ ืขืจืฉื˜ืข ื–ืึทืš ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ืœืขืจื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•. ืคึผืœื™ื™ึทืขืจืก ืœืขืจื ืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ื˜ืืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืขืก ืื™ื– ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื™ืงืขืจื“ื™ืง.

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื, ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ (ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืžืขืจืกื˜ ืคืึธืจืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ) ืื•ืŸ ืฆื™ืขืŸ ื•ื™ืกื’ืขื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืื•ืŸ ืฉืคืืœื˜ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ื– ืคืึธืจืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ.

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืืœื’ืขื ื“ืข ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืžื™ืจ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9. ืžื™ืจ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืขืจื˜ืขืจ ื•ื•ื• ืขืก ืื™ื– ืคืึธืจืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืžื™ืจ ืฆื™ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื’ืขื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืื•ืŸ ืฉืคืืœื˜ืŸ ืฆื• ืึธื ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9 ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก. ืึทืžืึธืœ ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื˜ืืŸ, ืžื™ืจ ืฆื™ื™ื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืื™ืŸ ื’ืจื™ืŸ.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 5

    ื˜ืึธืŸ : ืขืก ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ืึทื– ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ืง ืกืขืœื–, ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื™ืœื™ืžืึทื ื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื’ืขื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช, ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืื ื’ืขืฆื™ื™ื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืคืจื™ื™ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื–ื™ื™ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9 ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“.

    ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทื ืึทืœื™ื™ื–ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก, ืžื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ ืึทื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื™ืคื˜ 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“ ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืขืก ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข.

    ืึทืžืึธืœ ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื“ื•ืจื›ื’ืขืงืึธื›ื˜, ืžื™ืจ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื“ืขื ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื’ืขื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืคึผื•ื ืงื˜ ื’ืขืฉื˜ืขืœื˜. ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึธืœื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜:

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 6

    ื ืื›ืืžืืœ ืžื™ืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ืคื•ื ืึทื ื“ืขืจืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืื™ืŸ ื–ื•ื›ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื ื™ื™ึทืข ื‘ืึทื•ื•ืขื’ื•ื ื’. ื•ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ, ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ื ื™ื“ืขืจื™ืงืขืจ ื”ื•ื™ืคื˜ ื’ืจื™ื“ ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข. ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš ืžื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ื“ืขื ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9 ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืื•ื™ื‘ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื“ื•ืจ.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 7

    ื“ืึธืก ืžืึธืœ ืึท ืื™ื™ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ื ื™ื“ืขืจื™ืงืขืจ ืœื™ื ืงืก ื•ื•ื™ื ืงืœ, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืึท 9 ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืื•ืŸ ืคืึธืจื–ืขืฆืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื™ืœื“ 8

    ืื™ืฆื˜ ืžื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ ืึทื– ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืคื™ืจ ืคืจื™ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9, ืื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ ืื™ื– ื™ื™ื ืฆื™ืง ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“. ืžื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื•ื•ื• ืฆื• ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ 9 ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข ืึทืœื™ื™ืŸ.

    ืื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขื’ืœืขืš ื•ื•ืขื’ ืื™ื– ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืึท ื ื™ื™ึทืข ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผื•ื ืงื˜ ื“ื™ืกืงืจื™ื™ื‘ื“ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข. ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืžื™ืกื˜ืึธืžืข ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกืขืœื– ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข.

    ืื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืขืก, ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฉืคึผืึทืก ืื•ืŸ ื’ืขื ื™ื˜ื•ื ื’ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืึทืจืš ื“ื•ืจืš ืคึผืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืจื•ืœืขืก

    ืฆื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืื™ื– ืึท ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืจื™ืงื•ื•ื™ื™ืขืจื– ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืžืึธืœ ืื•ืŸ ื’ืขื“ืึทื ืง, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืึทืžืึธืœ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืึทื ืฅ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ ืฆื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ.

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืืฉื˜ื™ื™ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท 9 ืงืก 9 ื˜ื™ืฉื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืคืืจืคืืกื˜ ืคื•ืŸ 9 ื’ืจื™ื“ืก, ื•ื•ืึธืก ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ 9 ืกืขืœื– ืจื™ืกืคึผืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื•ืœื™.

    ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื™ืคึผื˜ ื’ืขื“ืึทื ืง ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ื– ืึทื– ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ืฉ ืžื™ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 1-9 ืึธืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื‘ืขืจื›ืึทื–ืขืจื•ื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ืฉื•ืจื” ืึธื“ืขืจ ื’ืจื™ื“.

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื ืึธื›ืคืึธืœื’ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืื•ืŸ ืคื™ืจืŸ ืฆื• ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ืฉ, ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ืึทืŸ!

    ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื˜ื™ืฉืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ื–ื™ื™ื ื“ ืฆื• ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึท ืื™ื™ืŸ ืœื™ื™ื–ื•ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืึทื–ืึท, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ืึทื– ืžื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืขืก ืจืขื›ื˜ ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ืžืึธืœ.

    ืฆื•ืœื™ื‘ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ืกื™ื‘ื”, ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ืคึผืœื™ื™ึทืขืจืก ื‘ืขืกืขืจ ืฆื• ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื™ื™ึทืขืจ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืึทื– ื–ื™ื™ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืจื™ื™ืกื˜ ืื•ื™ื‘ ื–ื™ื™ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื’ืขืžืื›ื˜ ืึท ื’ืจื™ื™ึทื–.

    ืจืขืกืขืจื•ื•ืึทื˜ื™ืึธื ืก

    ืืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจ ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ ืฆื• ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืžืึทืจืงืก. ืžื™ื˜ ื‘ืจืึทื ื“ื– ืžื™ืจ ืžื™ื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืจื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืŸ ืคึผืึทืกืึทื‘ื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืฆืขืœ. ื“ืึธืก ื”ื™ื™ืกื˜, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืึท ืฆืขืœ ืงืขืŸ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ 3 ืื•ืŸ 9, ื“ื™ ื™ื“ืขืึทืœ ืื™ื– ืฆื• ืึธื ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ (ืื™ืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืจื™ื™ืก) ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืกืึธืœื•ื•ืข ื“ื™ ืจืขืฉื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ืฉ ื‘ื™ื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืงืึธืจืึทืกืคึผืึทื ื“ื™ื ื’ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืฆืขืœ ืื™ื– ืจื™ื˜ืฉื˜.

    ืื™ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื•ื•ืขืจืกื™ืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•, ื“ื™ ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ืžืึทืจืงืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ืฉ, ืฆื• ืคืึทืกื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ื”ืึทื›ืœืึธื˜ืข. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืจืกื™ืขืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืึทืจืงืก, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื˜ืจื™ืงืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืจ ืกืึธืœื•ื•ืข ื“ื™ ืจืขื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ:

    ืื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื˜ื™ืฉ (ืžื™ื˜ ืžืึทืจืงืก) ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ืื™ื™ืŸ ืฆืขืœ, ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึท ืกื™ื’ื ืึทืœ ืึทื– ืขืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขื’ืœืขื›ืงื™ื™ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ืฆืขืœ, ื“ืึธืก ื”ื™ื™ืกื˜, ืื™ืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ืจืขื“ืŸ ื“ืขื ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื’ืœื™ื™ืš ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืฆืขืœ.

    ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืคืึทืจื‘ืึธืจื’ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ

    ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืงืขืŸ ืžืืœ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึท ืงืึธืžืคึผืœืขืงืก ืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ืงืก ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื•ื ื“ื– ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ. ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื™ืŸ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจื™ื™ึท ื•ื•ื• ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืจืึทื ื“ื–, ืžื™ืจ ืžืืœ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื’ืขืจื•ืคืขื ืข "ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืคืึทืจื‘ืึธืจื’ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจ".

    ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ื– ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืฆืขืœ (ื‘ืื’ืœื™ื™ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ), ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืขืก ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืžืขื’ืœืขืš ืงืึทื ื“ื™ื“ืึทื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืจื•ื“ืขืจืŸ, ื–ื™ื™ึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“.

    ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื–, ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืึท 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 3 ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื– ื ื™ื˜ ื“ืขืจืฉื™ื™ึทื ืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืฆืขืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืจื™ื“, ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึท ื’ืจืื“ืŸ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 3 ื’ืขื”ืขืจื˜ ืฆื• ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ืฆืขืœ.

    ืื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืึธืจ

    ื•ื•ื™ ืœืึทื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ืคึผืึธืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืงืก ืคื•ืŸ ืึท 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“, ืขืก ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืึทื– ื“ืึธืก ืคึผืึธืจ ื“ืึทื•ื•ืงืข ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืคืึธืจืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฆื•ื•ื™ื™ ืกืขืœื–, ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืงืฉื™ื ืึทื– ืขืจื™ื™ื–ืึทื– ื“ืึธ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ.

    ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืœืึทื‘ืขืœืก

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ื•ื•ืขืจืกื™ืข ืงื•ืžื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ืžืึทืจืงืก ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืฆื• ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืžืึทืจืงืก, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคืŸ ืื™ืจ ืคื™ืจืŸ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ืœ.

    ืงืจืึธืกื˜ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช

    ื“ื™ ืงืจืึธืกื™ื– ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื˜ืขื›ื ื™ืง ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืœื™ ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืจื•ื™ืก ืคึผืึทืฉื˜ืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ื ื•ืฆืŸ. ื‘ืืฉื˜ื™ื™ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืžืขืจืกื˜ ืึธืคื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืื ืฆืข ื˜ื™ืฉ ืื•ืŸ ืฆื™ืขืŸ (ืžื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื™ื™ึทืขืจ ืฆื• ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆืขืžื™ืฉื˜) ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืึธื•ื– ืื•ืŸ ืฉืคืืœื˜ืŸ ืฆื• ื•ื•ืึธืก ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ื– ืคืืจื‘ื•ื ื“ืŸ.

    ื ืึธืš ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช, ืžื™ืจ ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ื ืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ืžืึทืจืงื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ืกืขืœื– ื•ื•ืึธืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ืื“ืขืงื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ืฉื•ืจื•ืช. ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึทื ืึทืœื™ื™ื–ื“ ื•ื•ืึธืก 3 ืงืก 3 ื’ืจื™ื“ืก ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ 9 ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึท ืคึผืœืึทืฅ (ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืงืจืึธืกื™ื– ืื•ื™ืก) ืฆื• ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืขืก.

    ืึทืžืึธืœ ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื˜ืืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื—ื–ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข, ื‘ื™ื– ืึทืœืข ืกืขืœื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืึธื ื’ืขืคื™ืœื˜. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืฃ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึธืœื™ืจืŸ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ืฉื•ืจื” ืึธื“ืขืจ ื’ืจื™ื“. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืจื™ืคึผื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ, ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ืึทืŸ.

    ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืฆื™ื™ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจื™ืงื™ื™ื˜

    ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืžืึทืงืกื™ืžื•ื ืฆื™ื™ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืจืขื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ, ืื•ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ื ืื” ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ื•ื•ื™ ืœืึทื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ ื–ื™ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ.

    ื ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ 5 ืื•ืŸ 45 ืžื™ื ื•ื˜, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืึทืœืฅ ื“ืขืคึผืขื ื“ืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ื“ืขืจืคืึทืจื•ื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจื™ืงื™ื™ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ. ืกื™ืžืคึผืœื™ ืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ, ื“ื™ ืžืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ื“ื™ ืžืขืจ ืจื™ื–ืึทื ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื“ืืจืฃ, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื“ื™ ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืžืขืจ.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจื™ืงื™ื™ื˜, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ื™ืงืกืคึผืœื™ืกืึทื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ื˜ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขื‘ื–ื™ื™ื˜ืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื–ืฉื•ืจื ืึทืœ. ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ ื’ืึทืžืขืก ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื’ื™ื ืขืจื– ืื•ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขืจ ื™ืงืกืคึผื™ืจื™ืึทื ืกื˜ ืคึผืœื™ื™ึทืขืจืก. ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืขืงืกืคึผืขืจืฅ, ื“ื™ ืžืขืจ ืฉื•ื•ืขืจ ืœืขื•ื•ืขืœืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืึทืงืข ื˜ืฉืึทืœืึทื ื“ื–ืฉื™ื ื’, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื“ื™ ืœืขื•ื•ืขืœืก ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืฆื• ืงื•ืงืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืกื™ืžืžืขื˜ืจื™ืง, ืื™ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ื•ื™ืกืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืคื™ื’ืœื˜. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ืื™ืŸ ืึทื“ื™ืฉืึทืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื’ืจื•ื ื˜ ืจื™ื–ืึทื ื™ื ื’, ืื™ืจ ืื•ื™ืš ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืึท ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข.

    ืื•ืŸ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื“ืขืจ ืึทืจื˜ื™ืงืœ ืื•ื™ืก. ืžืึทื–ืœ - ื˜ืึธื•ื•! ืื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ ืกื•ื“ืึธืงื•, ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ื ื“ืกื˜ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื’ืขื ื•ื’ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ืฆื• ืกืึธืœื•ื•ืข ื“ื™ ืคึผืึทื–ืึทืœื–!

    ืžืขืจ ื’ืึทืžืขืก

    ืœืึธื–ืŸ ืึท ืขื ื˜ืคืขืจ

    ืื™ื™ืขืจ ื‘ืœื™ืฆืคึผืึธืกื˜ ืึทื“ืจืขืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ึทืŸ ืืจื•ื™ืก. Required fields ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืื ื’ืขืฆื™ื™ื›ื ื˜ ืžื™ื˜ *

    ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ

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