Sudoku

Sudoku ndi masewera omwe amawoneka ngati chithunzi cha manambala. Imalimbikitsa kulingalira kwamasamu ndi kulingalira koyenera. Poyamba zitha kuwoneka zovuta kwambiri, koma mudzawona kuti kuchita pang'ono, kudziwa njira zoyenera, tsiku lililonse kumakhala kosavuta komanso kosangalatsa.

Zotsatira()

    Sudoku: momwe mungasewerere sitepe ndi sitepe 🙂

    Mupeza fayilo ya lalikulu lalikulu lomwe limagawika m'mabwalo ang'onoang'ono angapo, ndipo mabwalowa amakhala m'magulu apakatikati. Malo apakati ali ndi mabwalo ang'onoang'ono 9 mkati.

    Cholinga cha masewerawa ndikudzaza mabwalo opanda kanthu ndi manambala, kuti:

    • Mizere yonse (yopingasa) mukhale ndi manambala onse kuyambira 1 mpaka 9, osabwereza iliyonse.
    • Mizati yonse (ofukula) mukhale ndi manambala onse kuyambira 1 mpaka 9, osabwereza iliyonse.
    • Zonse mabwalo apakati ali ndi manambala onse kuyambira 1 mpaka 9, osabwereza chilichonse.

    Sudoku ndi chiyani?

    M'Chijapani chabwino, dzina lomwe tonse tikudziwa siloposa kuphweka kwa mawu oti "suji wa dokushin ni kagiru", zikutanthauza chiyani "manambala ayenera kukhala apadera"Ndipo limatanthawuza nthawi yosavuta yowerengera ya malangizo osavuta omwe cholinga chake ndikudzaza mabokosi onse opanda kanthu kudzera motsatira manambala mwadongosolo. Izi zimafunikira lingaliro komanso kulingalira pamalingaliro.

    Mbiri ya Sudoku 🤓

    nkhani ya sudoku

     

    Ngakhale lili ndi dzina, sudoku sinapangidwe ku Japan, akuti anatulukira ndi katswiri wa masamu wa ku Switzerland Leonhard Euler. M'zaka za zana la XVIII, adapanga zomwe adazitcha "mabwalo latin", masewera omwe ziwerengero ziyenera kuwonekera kamodzi pamzere uliwonse komanso mzere uliwonse. Mizere 9 ndi mizati 9 inayamba kutchuka pamene inayamba kufalitsidwa ku US. M'zaka za m'ma 1970.

    Zinali momwemo 1984, pomwe achi Japan Maki Kaji adakumana ndi masewerawa. Atabwerera kudziko lakwawo, Kaji adasintha masewerawa (Adapereka manambala odziwikiratu, omwe amapezeka kale m'bokosilo, ndikupanga zovuta zosiyanasiyana, adabatiza ndikusandutsa malungo pakati pa nzika zakomweko: lero Japan ili ndi magazini opitilira 600,000 odziwika ku Sudoku.

    Kumadzulo, kutchova juga kunapenga mu 2005. Gawo loyamba lidatengedwa mu 1997, pomwe New Zealander Wayne Gould adapita ku Japan, adaphunzira za Sudoku ndikupanga pulogalamu yamakompyuta yamasewerawa, yomwe idatulutsidwa mu 2004. Miyezi 8 yapitayo, zomwe adapanga pamasewerawa zidayamba kufalitsidwa tsiku lililonse ndi nyuzipepala ya The Times, yomwe posakhalitsa idatsatiridwa ndi mpikisano padziko lonse lapansi.

    Mitundu ya Sudoku

    mitundu ya sudoku

    Mitundu ya sudoku kuwonjezera pa yachizolowezi:

    • Zojambula: Kusewera, muyenera kutsatira malamulo omwewo monga Sudoku yachikhalidwe, ndiye kuti, malizitsani mabwalo onse pogwiritsa ntchito manambala kuyambira 1 mpaka 9, osabwereza m'mizere yopingasa ndi yowongoka. Chodziwika kwambiri pazithunzi za sudoku ndikuti, kuphatikiza kulumikiza mizere yopingasa ndi yopingasa, muyenera kupanga ma diagonals awiri apakati omwe amapanga X, okhala ndi manambala kuyambira 1 mpaka 9 ndikuti samadzinena okha.
    • Zosasintha: ili ndi malamulo ofanana ndi akale, kupatula kuti mabwalowo ndi osasinthika.
    • Kakuro: Kusewera kakuro sikovuta kwambiri, ngakhale kumawerengedwa kuti ndi kovuta kuposa sudoku. Cholinga ndikuyika manambala kuyambira 1 mpaka 9 m'njira yoti asabwereze motsatizana ndi mzere komanso motsatizana kwa dongosololo, pofunikira kuti chiwerengerocho (cholozera kapena chowonekera) chikhale chofanana ndi mfundo yofananira .
    • Wakupha: ndi kuphatikiza kwa Sudoku ndi Kakuro. Chifukwa chake, pali madera omwe adasankhidwa komwe sipangakhaleko manambala obwereza ndipo ndalama zawo ziyenera kupereka mtengo womwe ukuwonetsedwa.
    • Megasudoku: muyenera kupanga manambala 1 mpaka 12 kuti awonekere kamodzi kokha pamzera, mzati, ndi sikweya. Zofanana ndi zachikhalidwe koma ndi manambala ena atatu.
    • Minisudoku: Zimasiyana ndi zachikhalidwe popangidwa ndi mabwalo ochepa.
    • Multisudoku: Amakhala ndi masamu angapo a sudoku omwe amapanga chimodzi.

    Malangizo othandizira Sudoku Sud

    sudoku giff

    Chinthu choyamba kuchita kuti muyambe kuthetsa Sudoku ndi sankhani mtundu wowongolera mzere, mzere kapena lalikulu). Ngati simusankha chimodzi ndikuyesera kuchita zonse nthawi imodzi, mutha kumaliza kusokoneza ndikusokoneza chilichonse, zomwe zingakutengereni nthawi yayitali mumasewera.

    Nenani, mwachitsanzo, mwasankha kuyamba kuthetsa ndi mizere. Kenako muunika mzere woyamba wopingasa ndikuwona manambala omwe alipo kale ndi omwe akusowa. Lembani malo opanda kanthu ndi manambala omwe akusowa, kulabadira manambala omwe ali mzati kuti awonetsetse kuti sizidzibwereza zokha.

    Pambuyo pothetsa mzere woyamba, pitani ku mzere wachiwiri ndikubwereza ndondomekoyi. Onani manambala omwe muli nawo kale ndi omwe akusowa kuti muyambe kudzaza. Ngati mulibe nambala 1 pamzere wachiwiri, pitani pa bwalo loyamba lopanda kanthu ndikulemba 1. Kenako yang'anani pazenera la bwalolo. Ngati nambala 1 ilipo kale m'mbali imeneyo, chotsani ndipo lembani 1 pamalo ena. Kumbukirani kuyang'ana nthawi zonse ngati simukubwereza nambala iliyonse yomwe ili kale pabwalopo.

    Tsatirani nyimboyi mpaka kumapeto, ndipo mutha kupanga masewera anu a Sudoku. Pamapeto pake, zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kupeza malo omwe akukwanira manambalawo osabwereza, koma chilichonse chikuyesera kusintha manambala kuti zikhale zosavuta.

     

    Sudoku: njira 🤓

    Nawa maupangiri osavuta ndi njira zokuthandizirani kuthana ndi chithunzi cha Sudoku.

    Ndi Brands

    Pogwiritsa ntchito mamaki, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito maupangiri osavuta (komanso owonekera):

    Nambala imodzi

     

    Nthawi iliyonse, yang'anani masewerawa mosamala ndi ma cell omwe ali ndi nambala imodzi yokha. Izi zikuwonetsa kuti pali kuthekera kumodzi kokha kwa selo imeneyo.

    Nambala yobisika yokha

    Nthawi zambiri mukamayang'anitsitsa, mutha kupeza "nambala yobisika yokha"Nambala iyi sikupezeka pamizere yokha. Ndiwokhayo amene angayesedwe pamzere, mzati kapena gridi ya 3x3, imangowonekera pakati pamanambala ena. Onani chithunzichi mbali:

    Pachifanizo ichi, mutha kuwona kuti manambala 1 ndi 8 amawoneka kamodzi kokha pama gridi awo a 3x3. Izi zikuwonetsa kuti akuyenera kuyikidwa m'malo amenewo.

    sudoku chithunzi 2

    Okwatirana

    1.Ngati nthawi ina iliyonse mupeza manambala ofanana pamizere ya gulu (mzere, mzati kapena gridi), zikutanthauza kuti awiriwa ayenera kuwonekera m'maselo awiriwa. Onani chithunzi pansipa:

    Chithunzi cha Sudoku 4

    2. M'chithunzichi tikuwona kuti nambala 1 ndi 3 imawonekera yokha m'maselo awiri, chifukwa chake amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'maselo amenewo. Sitikudziwa kuti ndi nambala iti yomwe imalowa mchipinda chilichonse. Komabe, tikudziwa kuti manambala 1 ndi 3 sangathe kuwonekera m'maselo ena opanda kanthu. Chifukwa chake, tili ndi mwayi umodzi m'modzi aliyense.

    Chithunzi cha Sudoku 4

    Palibe zolemba🤓

    Kwa iwo omwe safuna kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu, tifotokoza njira yosavuta komanso yothandiza kwambiri.

    Mizere yodutsa

    Njira zowoloka ndizotheka chinthu choyamba chomwe anthu amaphunzira akamasewera Sudoku. Osewera amaphunzira pochita, chifukwa ndizosavuta komanso zofunika.

    Mmenemo, wosewerayo ayenera kusankha nambala (nthawi zambiri yomwe imakhalapo pamasewera) ndikujambula mizere yolingalira pamizere ndi mizati yomwe nambala imeneyo ilipo.

    Mu chitsanzo chotsatirachi, timasankha nambala 9. Timapeza malo onse omwe amapezeka ndipo timakoka mizere yolingalira pamizere ndi mizati kuwonetsa kuti nambala 9 siyingaikidwe m'malo amenewo. Izi zikachitika, timayika malo omasuka obiriwira.

    sudoku chithunzi 5

    Zindikirani : Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti maselo ena opanda kanthu, ngakhale sanachotsedwe ndi mizere yolingalira, sanatchulidwe kuti ndi aulere chifukwa ali ndi nambala 9 mgululi la 3x3 lomwelo.

    Pofufuza malo aulere, titha kuwona kuti mkatikati mwa 3x3 grid pali malo amodzi okha aulere a nambala 9, kuti titha kuyiyika.

    Izi zikachitika, timabwereza momwe mizere yolingalira ya nambala yomwe tangoyikirayi imagwirira ntchito. Chongani zotsatira:

    sudoku chithunzi 6

    Apanso Tiyenera kusanthula maudindo aulere posaka mayendedwe atsopano. Monga tikuonera, mu grid yapakati yapakati pali malo amodzi okha aulere. Kenako titha kuyika nambala 9 ndikubwereza zomwe tafotokozazi.

    sudoku chithunzi 7

    Pakadali pano malo amodzi omasuka adawonekera pakona yakumanzere kumanzere, kotero tidayika 9 pamenepo ndikupitiliza ndi njirayi.

    sudoku chithunzi 8

    Tsopano titha kuwona kuti tili ndi malo anayi aulere pa nambala 9, palibe yomwe ili yapadera mu gridi ya 3x3 yomwe ili. Chifukwa chake, sitikudziwa komwe tingayike 9 pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi yokha.

    Njira imodzi yotheka ndiyo sankhani nambala yatsopano ndikubwereza njira yomwe tafotokozayi. Mutha kudzaza maselo ambiri pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

    Tsopano popeza muli ndi njira zina, sangalalani ndi masewera olimbitsa thupi ndikusewera Sudoku.🙂

    Malamulo a Sudoku

    Cholinga cha masewerawa

    Sudoku ndimasewera omwe amafuna nthawi ndi kulingalira, koma mukadziwa malamulowo, zimakhala zosavuta kusewera.

    Sudoku ambiri Ili ndi tebulo la 9x9, yomwe imapangidwa Magulu 9, omwe ali Maselo 9 motsatana.

    Lingaliro lalikulu pamasewera ndikuti wosewerayo muyenera kudzaza tebulo ndi manambala kuyambira 1 mpaka 9, popanda kubwereza manambala pamzere womwewo kapena gridi.

    Ngati mutsatira malamulo onsewa ndikutha kudzaza tebulo, ndiye kuti masewera apambanidwa!

    Njira yamasewera

    Matebulo a Sudoku adapangidwa kuti akhale ndi yankho limodzi Mwakutero, ndizabwinobwino kuti sitimvetsetsa bwino nthawi yoyamba.

    Pachifukwa chomwechi, osewera ambiri amakonda kulemba manambala pensulo kuti athe kufufutidwa ngati alakwitsa.

    Kusungitsa

    Malingaliro ena oti muganizire ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zizindikilo. Mwa ma brand, tikutanthauza kulemba mwayi osiyanasiyana paseli iliyonse. Ndiye kuti, ngati khungu limatha kukhala ndi manambala 3 ndi 9, choyenera ndikuwonetsa (muzochepera) manambala onsewo ndikuthetsa tebulo lonselo, mpaka nambala yomwe ikufanana ndi selolo yafika.

    M'mitundu ina ya Sudoku, zilembo zing'onozing'onozi zidaphatikizidwa kale patebulo, kuti athe kuwongolera. M'mitundu iyi yomwe ili ndi zilembo kale, pali zidule zina zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuthetsa vutoli:

    Nambala imodzi

    Nthawi iliyonse patebulo la Sudoku (lokhala ndi mamaki) mumapeza nambala mu selo imodzi, iyi ndi kuwonetsa kuti pali kuthekera kumodzi kokha kwa selo lomwelo, ndiye kuti, muyenera kuyimba nambala yomweyo nthawi yomweyo.

    Nambala yobisika yokha

    Sudoku nthawi zina imakhala masewera ovuta, koma pali zidule zochepa zotithandiza kudziwa masewerawa. Mwachitsanzo, m'masewera momwe muli malonda, nthawi zina timapeza omwe amatchedwa "nambala yobisika yokha".

    Chiwerengerochi sichimangopezeka m'selo (mothandizidwa ndi manambala ena), koma ndiwokhayo amene angayesedwe mzere, mzati, kapena gridi ya 3x3.

    Ndiye kuti, mukakhala mu gridi ya 3x3, mwachitsanzo, nambala 3 imawonekera ndipo sichipezeka mu selo ina iliyonse ya gridiyo, ndiye chizindikiritso kuti nambala 3 ndi ya selo lomwelo.

    Okwatirana

    Malingana ngati mupeza manambala omwewo m'mizere ya gridi ya 3x3, ndiye kuti zikutanthauza kuti awiriwa kwenikweni ayenera kupezeka m'maselo awiriwa, funso lokhalo lomwe likubwera apa ndikuti ndi uti amene ati akhale payekha.

    Palibe zolemba

    Ngati mtundu wanu wa Sudoku sukubwera ndi zilembo kapena ngati simukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito zilembo, pali njira ina yosavuta yokuthandizani kudziwa masewerawa.

    Mizere yodutsa

    Njira yolowera mizere imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mosavuta. Chili ndi sankhani nambala yomwe imawonekera kawirikawiri patebulo lonse ndikukoka (ndi pensulo kuti musasokonezeke) mizere m'mizere ndi mizati yomwe nambala yomweyo imagwirizanitsidwa.

    Tikatha kujambula mizere yonse, timapitilira gawo la kudinditsa maselo omwe sanaphatikizidwe ndi mizere yomweyo. Kenako, imawunikidwa kuti ma gridi a 3x3 alibe nambala 9 komanso omwe ali ndi malo (osadutsika) kuyiyika.

    Izi zikachitika, sankhani nambala ina ndikubwereza njira yomweyo, mpaka ma cell onse atadzazidwa. Pamapeto pake, muyenera kuwona ngati pali manambala obwereza pamzere womwewo kapena gridi. Ngati palibe manambala obwereza, masewerawa amapambanidwa.

    Sewerani nthawi ndi zovuta

    Palibe nthawi yokwanira pachidutswa chilichonse cha Sudoku, ndipo wosewera aliyense amatha kusangalala ndi masewerawa malinga momwe angafunire.

    Masewera a Sudoku imatha kusiyanasiyana pakati pa mphindi 5 ndi 45, koma zimangodalira zomwe wosewera adakumana nazo komanso momwe masewerawo alili ovuta. Mwachidule, masewerawa amakhala ovuta, kulingalira kumafunikira, chifukwa chake masewerawa amatenga nthawi yayitali.

    Ponena za kuvuta, nthawi zambiri zimakhala zomveka pamutu wamawebusayiti kapena magazini. Pali masewera osavuta kwa oyamba kumene komanso ovuta kwambiri kwa osewera odziwa zambiri. Kwa akatswiri, milingo yovuta kwambiri imatha kukhala yovuta kwambiri, popeza milingo imayamba kuwoneka yofanana kwambiri, momwe manambala amawonekera. Chifukwa chake, kuwonjezera pamalingaliro oyambira, muyeneranso njira inayake.

    Ndipo nkhaniyo ikumaliza. Zabwino zonse! Tsopano mukudziwa kusewera Sudoku, kapena mwina muli ndi chidziwitso chokwanira chothanirana masamu awa!

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