Mandalas

Mandalas Ndizopanga zomwe zimasangalatsa anthu ambiri ndipo zimapindulitsadi malingaliro. Choyambirira, ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti kupanga zojambula zozungulira ngati bwalo ndichinthu chakale kwambiri.

Zolemba zoyambirira za mandala zidayamba m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu, m'chigawo cha Tibet. Kufalikira m'maiko ena akummawa, monga India, China komanso ku Japan. M'malo onse mawu oti mandala ndi mawu ochokera ku Sanskrit , kutanthauza bwalo. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamiyambo yachipembedzo kapena ngati mawonekedwe apadera pakusinkhasinkha.

Munkhaniyi muphunzira zambiri za mbiri yakale iyi yomwe ikupitilizabe mpaka pano ndikupeza zabwino zake m'thupi ndi m'maganizo. Komanso chifukwa ndizofala kupeza mabuku ku mitundu ndi mphini zomwe zikuyimira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mandala.

Zotsatira()

    Mandala ndi chiyani? ☸️

    chiyambi mandala

    Mandala ndi mawu ochokera mchilankhulo cha Sanskrit, chomwe chimaonedwa ngati chilankhulo chakufa ndipo chimatanthauza bwalo. Komabe, ngakhale lero, Sanskrit amadziwika kuti ndi chimodzi mwazilankhulo 23 zovomerezeka ku India, chifukwa chofunikira kwambiri ku Chihindu ndi Chibuda.

    Chifukwa chake, mandala ndimapangidwe a akalumikidzidwa concentric zojambula . Ndiye kuti, zimachokera pamalo omwewo. Kuyambira pachiyambi, zojambula zimatchedwa yantras , lomwe ndi liwu lochokera kuzilankhulo zomwe zimayankhulidwa ku Hindustani peninsula ngati chida. Ndiye kuti, mandala ndi njira yokwaniritsira cholinga china osati cholinga chomwecho. 

    Cholinga chomwechi chimasintha malinga ndi zikhalidwe zina zomwe zimawonedwa. Ambiri mwa iwo, ma mandala amakhala ngati njira yosinkhasinkha. Kukhala osangoganizira za mafomu okha, komanso kumanga zojambula ndizofunikira kwambiri.

    Maonekedwe amatha kupangidwa ndi zida zosiyanasiyana, koma nthawi zonse amakhala okongola kwambiri. Njira yodziwika bwino yopangira mandala ndi kudzera za inki zachikuda papepala kapena chinsalu. Komabe, akachisi ena achi Buddha amasunga miyambo yopanga mandala ndi chitsulo kapena matabwa.

    Palinso njira ina yopangira mandala apadera kwambiri, omwe amapangidwa ndi amonke achi Buddha m'ma temple ena padziko lonse lapansi. M'makachisi awa, amonke adaphunzira luso lopanga mandala nawo mchenga wachikuda mkati mwa zakaChojambulacho chimatha kutenga maola kapena masiku kuti amalize ndipo zojambulazo zikamalizidwa zimawonongeka nthawi yomweyo. Pomwepo ndi pomwe zida zogwiritsidwa ntchito zimatayidwa mumtsinje. Luso ili likuyimira kuti chilichonse m'moyo ndichachidule.

    Adalengedwa kuti komanso liti?

    Mandalas

    Zolemba zoyambirira za kulengedwa kwa mandala zidayamba kale Zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu, m'chigawo chomwe Tibet amapezeka . Kuyambira pachiyambi, zojambula zinagwiritsidwa ntchito mchipembedzo chachi Buddha monga njira yokhazikika komanso yothandiza posinkhasinkha.

    Munthawi yomweyo ma mandala nawonso amapezeka mdera la India, China komanso ku Japan, motero, osati mu Buddha, komanso m'chihindu komanso mu Taoism, momwe zizindikilo za yin ndi yang zimawerengedwa ngati mandala .

    Komabe, zipembedzo zonse zimawona zithunzi ngati china chake zopatulika , yomwe nthawi zambiri imayimira moyo wozungulira. M'mbali zina za Chibuda, mandala amaimiridwa ngati nyumba zachifumu za milungu ndipo motero ndi zopatulika.

    Komabe, ngakhale zolembedwa zoyambirira zimachokera Kummawa, zidadziwika kuti nzika zaku America zidagwiritsanso ntchito mawonekedwe azikhalidwe m'miyambo. Makamaka m'matchalitchi okhudzana ndi machiritso. Pakati pa zaka za zana la XNUMX ndi XNUMX, tchalitchi chidayamba kugwiritsa ntchito zojambula mu maluso opatulika ndi magalasi odetsedwa mkati importantes nyumba .

    Nthawi yomweyo, lingaliro la alchemy lidafalikira, pomwe mazana asayansi amaphunzira njira zosinthira zinthu. Mandalas adaphatikizidwanso mu izi, popeza zojambulazo zimapezeka m'malemba angapo azikhalidwe zomwe zidalembedwa panthawiyo. Chifukwa chake, zimadziwika kuti munthu nthawi zonse amakhala ndi chidwi ndi momwe zimamangidwira, zomwe zikupitilirabe mpaka pano.

    Kodi tanthauzo lake ndi chiyani?

    chiyambi cha mandala

    Monga tanenera kale, kumasulira kwenikweni kwa mawu oti mandala kuchokera mchilankhulo cha Sanskrit ndi bwalo. Bwaloli lakhala likugwiritsidwa ntchito kwazaka zambiri monga choyimira gawo lamoyo kapenanso nyumba zachifumu za milungu zomwe ziyenera kulambiridwa. Komabe, izi zimasiyana malinga ndi chikhalidwe.

    Mwachitsanzo, mu Chihindu mandala amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyimira moyo molingana ndi kapangidwe ka chilengedwe. Apa, akuyimira kuphatikiza ndi mgwirizano muzonse zomwe zikuyenera kuchitidwa.

    Mu Buddhism, ali ndi mphamvu zida zosinkhasinkha popeza amatha kutengera mawonekedwe ndi mitundu yawo. Mchipembedzo atha kugwiritsidwabe ntchito kuyimira kuchepa kwa moyo, akakhala okonzeka ndi mchenga komanso nyumba za milungu.

    M'chikhalidwe cha Taoist, filosofi ya yin yang imagwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe ake a mandala. Apa, mgwirizano wazizindikiro ziwirizi umakhala wathunthu ndipo umayimira muyeso womwe uyenera kusungidwa m'mbali zonse za moyo. M'matawuni omwe asanakhaleko atsamunda, komabe pali zisonyezo kuti zojambulazo zidagwiritsidwa ntchito pamwambo wamachiritso.

    Kodi mitundu ya mandala ndi iti? 🙂

    Monga tanenera kale, zida zosiyanasiyana zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga mandala. Mwanjira imeneyi, iliyonse imayimira china, monga thanzi la munthu, akagwiritsa ntchito ngati mphatso kwa winawake. Onani mitundu yayikulu ya mandala ndi zomwe amapangira.

    Sand mandala

    Mandala Mchenga

    Manda a mchenga ndi mwambo pakati pa amonke a ku Tibetan. Luso ili, zojambulazo zimapangidwa pansi ndi mchenga wachikuda ndipo ndichikhalidwe cha Chibuda.

    Asanayambe kupanga mandala a mchenga, amonke aphunzira maluso kwa zaka zambiri ndipo amachita masiku osinkhasinkha pasadakhale kuti akonzekere. Ntchitoyi nthawi zambiri imatenga maola kuti ikonzekere ndipo pamapeto pake chilichonse chimaponyedwa mumtsinje kapena pagwero lina lamadzi.

    Lingaliro ndikuyimira kufupika kwa mbali zonse za moyo , popeza zonse zidzatha mu ola limodzi. Mwanjira imeneyi, zikuyimiranso zatsopano yambani chifukwa nthawi zonse zimakhala zotheka kupanga mchenga watsopano.

    Mandala yamatabwa

    Wood Mandala

    Chitsanzo china cha miyambo yachi Buddha ndi mandala opangidwa ndi zinthu monga matabwa kapena chitsulo. Apa amatha kutenga mawonekedwe azithunzi zitatu ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati choyimira nyumba ya mulungu wina.

    Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati mphatso. Mwanjira imeneyi, njirayi imayang'aniridwa ndi miyambo ndi miyambo yosiyanasiyana, zomwe zikutanthauza kufunira zabwino, chifukwa ndibwino kulandira mandala ngati mphatso yochokera kwa winawake.

    Ink mandala

    Mitundu ya mandala

     

    Mu miyambo yachihindu sizachilendo kupeza mandala opakidwa m'malo akachisi osiyanasiyana komanso m'malo ena oyera. Mitundu yowala imagwiritsidwa ntchito munjira izi, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala kuyimira osiyanasiyana chakras la thupi munthu. Mu miyambo yachihindu ali ngati malo opangira mphamvu, omwe amafalikira mthupi lonse la munthu.

    Mwanjira iyi, utoto wamitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzizo ingakhale njira yosinthira ma chakras awa ndikulola kuyendetsedwa bwino kwa mphamvu. Potero kumatsimikizira kusintha m'moyo ndi uzimu.

    Momwe mungapangire mandala kunyumba?

    jambulani mandala kunyumba

    Amonke amaphunzira kwa zaka zambiri kuti apange mandala okongola kwambiri. Komabe, ndimayesedwe pang'ono ndizotheka kuyamwa zabwino za maluso awa, popanda ntchito yambiri. Kuti muchite izi, mutha kujambula mawonekedwe anu potsatira malangizo osavuta komanso makanema pa YouTube.

    Choyamba, muyenera kujambula bwalo papepala, monga momwe mandala amatanthawuzira "bwalo". Muyenera kusamala kuti zojambulazo ndizabwino kwambiri ', chifukwa mutha kugwiritsa ntchito kampasi kapena mbale. Pokhapo m'pamene zingatheke kupeza zotsatira zabwino zomaliza.

    Kutsata bwalolo, muyenera kupeza pakati ndikujambula mzere. Kenako jambulani mzere wina wowongoka ndikupitiliza kuchita izi mpaka mutapeza zokwanira. Ichi ndiye chitsanzo cha mandala onse omwe mukufuna kupanga. Kuchokera pamenepo, ingogwiritsa ntchito malingaliro anu ndikuwonjezera mauta, maluwa, mawonekedwe akapangidwe kazinthu, ngakhale mawu.

    Koma kumbukirani, ayenera kukhala ndi tanthauzo kwa inu ndipo muyenera kudzipereka kwathunthu pakupanga. Chithunzicho chikamalizidwa, ingolani mtunduwo, pogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yowala, yowala.

    Mandalas kupaka utoto ☸️

    Mandalas afala padziko lonse lapansi. Chifukwa chake, pali zosankha zingapo pazithunzi zopangidwa kale ndi mabuku akongoletsa. Izi zimapangitsa kuti anthu ambiri asankhe kuchita izi poyesa kuthawa mavuto amtsiku ndi tsiku. Ngati mulibe nthawi kapena luso lopanga mandala anu, nazi zojambula zomwe mutha kusindikiza ndikupaka kunyumba. Onani.

    Kodi pali phindu lililonse pakupanga mandala?

    Inde, mandala akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwazaka zambiri ngati njira yothetsera kusinkhasinkha ndipo ali ndi phindu lenileni. Ndi izi, kujambula zithunzizi kungathandize kuchepetsa nkhawa komanso kupsinjika . Chifukwa chake zikuthandizira kukonza moyo wabwino.

    Mfundo ina yabwino yokhudza mandala ndiyoti chifukwa chakusankha kwawo kwauzimu, atha kukhala othandiza kwambiri kwa aliyense amene angafune kuunikiridwa. Kwa iwo omwe akufuna chabe chizolowezi chatsopano, atha kukhala maphunziro abwino ojambula ndi kujambula.

    Masewera ena

    Siyani yankho

    Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

    zowawa

    Mukapitiliza kugwiritsa ntchito tsamba ili mumavomereza kugwiritsa ntchito ma cookie. Zambiri Zambiri