ืœืชืช ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื ืฉื™ื.ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœืชืคื•ืก ืื• ืœืฉืชืง ืืช ื—ืœืงื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘. ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืžื ืฆื— ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง. ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื”ืœื•ื— ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืฉื™ื—ืง ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ.

ืžืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื” ืžืฉื—ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื, ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ืžืจื•ื‘ืข, ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉื™ื ื•ืืจื‘ืขื” ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืœืกื™ืจื•ื’ื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื›ื”ื™ื, ืขื ืฉืชื™ื ืขืฉืจื” ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ืฉื ื™ื ืขืฉืจ ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช.

ืื™ื ื“ืงืก()

    ื“ืžืงื”: ืื™ืš ืœืฉื—ืง ืฉืœื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘?

    ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื” ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื‘ื—ื™ื ื, ืืชื” ืจืง ืฆืจื™ืš ื”ืžืฉืš ื‘ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืืœื”:
    1. ืคืชื— ืืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขืœื™ืš ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืืชืจ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืืžื•ืœื˜ื•ืจ. ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ.
    2. ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืชื™ื›ื ืก ืœืืชืจ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื™ื•ืฆื’ ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืš. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืจืง ืœื”ื™ื˜ ืœืฉื—ืง ื•ื›ืขืช ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืืชื” ืื•ื”ื‘. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื—ืง ืขื ื—ื‘ืจ, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืชื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ื• ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ืง ื‘ืžืฉื—ืง.
    3. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืชืžืฆืื• ื›ืžื” ื›ืคืชื•ืจื™ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื. ืคื—ื™ืช "ื”ื•ืกืฃ ืื• ื”ืกืจ ืฆืœื™ืœ ", ืชืŸ ืืช ื”ื›ืคืชื•ืจ "ืœึฐืฉื‚ึทื—ึตืง"ื•ืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ืง, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ"ื”ึทืคืกึธืงึธื”"ื•"ื”ืคืขืœ ืžื—ื“ืฉ"ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืžืŸ.
    4. ืชื‘ื™ื ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉืœืš ืœื ื•ืข ืื‘ืœ ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช.
    5. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง, ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ โ€œื”ืคืขืœ ืžื—ื“ืฉโ€ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืฉื•ื‘.

    ืžืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื”: ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช

    "ืœืชืช ื™ื•ืชืจ"ื”ื•ื ืžืฉื—ืง ืœื•ื— ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ื•ื‘ื• ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื”ื™ืžื•ืจื™ื ืœืกื™ืจื•ื’ื™ืŸ ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื—ืช ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื‘. ืืชื” ืžื ืฆื— ื›ืืฉืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืื• ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจ ื›ืš ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืขื•ื“ ืœื–ื•ื–.

    ืžื˜ืจืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง "ื“ืžืงื”" 

    ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœ "ื”ื ืฉื™ื" ื”ื™ื  ืœื—ืกื•ื ืืช ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืื• ืœืงื—ืช ืžืฉื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžื”ืœืš.

    ืกื•ื’ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง:

    • ืžืฉื—ืง ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™
    • ื’ื™ื™ืžืจ ืžืฆื—ื™ืง
    • ื˜ืงื˜ื™
    • ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’
    • ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘

    ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื, ื’ื™ืœ ื•ื–ืžืŸ ืžืฉื—ืง:

    • 2 jugadores
    • ืžืฉื ืช 6

    ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžืฉื—ืง:

    • ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืžื˜
    • 12 ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืœื‘ื ื•ืช
    • 12 ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช

    ืžืกืงื ื”:

    ื—ื•ืงื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืืš ืžื”ื ื™ื ื’ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื.

    ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ "ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™"

    ื”ืืžืช ื”ื™ื ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืข ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžืชื™ ืื• ื‘ืื™ื–ื• ื“ืจืš ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืชื—ื™ืœืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืฉื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื–ื” ืฉื’ื‘ืจื•ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื–ืžืŸ, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืืคืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืงืจ ืขืœ ื–ื” ื›ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืœื•ื•ืชื” ืžืžืฆืจื™ื.

    ื”ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื”ื’ืจืกื” ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ืžืงื” ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉื”ืชื’ืœื” ื‘ื—ืคื™ืจื” ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืื•ืจ, ืขื™ืจืง. ืชื™ืืจื•ืš ืžืคื—ืžืŸ ืžืขื™ื“ ืขืœ ื›ืš ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืงื™ื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ืืœืคื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืกืคื™ืจื”.

    ืขื ื–ืืช, ื’ืจืกื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื›ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื–ื• ื”ืฉืชืžืฉื” ื‘ืœื•ื— ืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืชื›ืœื™ืช, ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืื—ืจ, ื•ืื™ืฉ ืื™ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ืžื” ื”ื™ื• ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ืžื“ื•ื™ืงื™ื.

    ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ื™ืฉื ื”, โ€‹โ€‹ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉื ืงืจื ืืœืงืจืงื™, ืฉื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืœื•ื— 5X5, ื”ื™ื” ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื“ืžืงื” ืฉื”ื•ืฉืžืข ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืชืงื•ืคื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื ืจื—ื‘.

    ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขืงื‘ื• ืื—ืจ ืžืงื•ืจื• ืœ 1400 ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืกืคื™ืจื” ื•ื”ื ื˜ื•ืขื ื™ื ืฉื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื›ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ืฉืžืข ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื›ื•ืœื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืืœืคื™ ื•ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื.

    ืกึฐื‘ึดื™ื‘ 1100 ืœืกืคื™ืจื”, ืฆืจืคืชื™ ื”ืขืœื” ืืช ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืœืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื” ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ืฉื—ืžื˜. ืคื™ืจื•ืฉ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื”ืจื—ื‘ืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืœืฉื ื™ื ืขืฉืจ ืžื›ืœ ืฆื“ ื•ืฆื“. ื”ื’ืจืกื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ื”ื–ื• ื ืงืจืื” "ืœื”ื˜" ื ื• ื˜ื•ื‘ "ืคืจื–ื•ืช".

    ืขื“ ืžื”ืจื”, ื’ื ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ืงืคื™ืฆื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืœืžืืชื’ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ื• ืœืงืจื•ื ืœื’ืจืกื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ื”ื–ื• "ื›ื•ื— ื’'ื•".

    ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ืขืชื™ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืžืฉื—ืง ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ ืœื ืฉื™ื ื•ื›ื•ื ื” "Le Jeu Plaisant De Dames" (ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื ืขื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ื“ืžืงื”).

    ืžืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ืœืžื—ืฉื‘ื™ื

    ืขื ื›ืœืœื™ ื“ืžืงื” ืฉื”ื•ื’ื“ืจื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ื, ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื™ื•ืฆื ืœืื ื’ืœื™ื” ื•ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื•ื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ื”ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœื•. ื‘- G. Brittany ื”ื™ื ืงื™ื‘ืœื” ืืช ื”ืฉื " ื˜ื™ื•ื˜ื•ืช "ื•ื”ืžืชืžื˜ื™ืงืื™ ื”ื ื•ื“ืข ื•ื™ืœื™ืื ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื›ืชื‘ ืืช ืžืกื›ืชื• ืขืœ ื”ื™ืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉื‘ืข ืขืฉืจื” ืžืื•ืช ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ื•ืฉืฉ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืฉื ื™ื, ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ ืฉืžืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”.

    ืœื›ืŸ, ืคื•ืชื—ื• ืฉืชื™ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืชื ื•ืขื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืžื ื•ืกื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืื™ืœืฅ ืื•ืชื ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืืงืจืื™. ื›ื™ื•ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืืœื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช ืขื“ 3 ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืชื ื•ืขื”.

    ื ืฉื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืžืกื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืชื›ื ืชื™ื ืžืžื•ื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”. 

    ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืžื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื’ืก, ื”ืžืคื™ืฆื™ื ืืœืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืจื™ื ื’ ื™ืฆืจ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ ืฉื“ืจืฉื” ืœื‘ืฆืข ื—ื™ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื ื™ื™ืจ (ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื”ืžื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื™ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”).

    ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, 1952 ื–ื• ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืฉื ื” ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง, ื›ืืฉืจ ืืจืชื•ืจ ืœ. ืกืžื•ืืœ ื™ืฆืจ ืืช ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื“ืžืงื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืžื—ืฉื‘. ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ืฉื•ืคืจื• ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื—ืง ืืœื” ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื”ืงื™ื‘ื•ืœืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ื’ื“ืœื•.

    ื‘ื™ื•ืœื™ XNUMX ื”ื•ื“ื™ืข โ€‹โ€‹ืฆื•ื•ืช ืžืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ืืœื‘ืจื˜ื” ื‘ืจืืฉื•ืช ื’'ื•ื ืชืŸ ืฉืคืจ ื›ื™ ืคืชืจ ืืช ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื“ืžืงื”.

    ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืฆ'ื™ื ื•ืง , ืฉืคื•ืชื—ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฉืœื, ื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืœื ืงื•ื“ื” ื‘ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื” ืฉื”ื•ื›ื—ื” ื›ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžืชืขืœื”. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื–ื• ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื“ืžืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžืฉื—ืง ืชื™ืงื•, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื™ื’ืžืจ ื‘ืชื™ืงื• ืื ืฉื ื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ื™ื ื™ืขืฉื• ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื.

    ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ื›ืืฉืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ืจืกืื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื›ื™ืฃ, ืžืืžื ื™ื ืืช ื—ืฉื™ื‘ืชื ื”ื”ื’ื™ื•ื ื™ืช, ืื• ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื ื”ื ื™ื ืžื–ืžืŸ ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ ืœืฉื—ืง ืขื ื‘ื ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื•ื—ื‘ืจื™ื.

    ืื™ืš ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื "ื“ืžืงื”"?

    ื”ื›ื ืช ืžืฉื—ืง

    ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืื—ื“ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืœื‘ื ื™ื, ื•ื”ืฉื ื™ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช: ืžื™ ืžืฉื—ืง ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืฆื‘ืข, ืฉื ื™ ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื.
    ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืœื•ื— ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื–ื” ืžื•ืœ ื–ื”.

    ืงื•ืžื ืฆ'ื ื“ื•

    ืชืžื™ื“ ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชื—ืœ ืขื ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ื›ื”ื™ื.

    ืื™ืš ื–ื” ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื?

    ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื•ื›ื ืกื™ื ืชืžื™ื“ ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืืœื›ืกื•ื ื™ ืฉื“ื” ื”ืคื•ื ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื”. ืื ื›ื‘ืจ ื™ืฉ ืื‘ืŸ ื‘ืฉื“ื”, ื”ื™ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืชืคื•ืกื”, ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ืื ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืื• ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ื ืžืฆืืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื’ืจืฉ.

    ืื ื ืชืงืœื™ื ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืฉื’ื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืขื ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืคื•ื›ื”, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื“ืœื’ ืขืœื™ื• ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื‘ื, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื”ื”ืคื•ื›ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื™ืง. ืืชื” ืงื•ืคืฅ ืขืœ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื ื•ืื– ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืื•ืชื ืžื”ืžืฉื—ืง. ืงืคื™ืฆื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœืš ืืกื•ืจื”. ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืืœื ืขื ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช.

    ืื ืชื’ื™ืข ืืœ ื”ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืขืœื™ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืขื ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืœืšื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžืœื›ื” ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืžืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ื‘ืคื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื‘ืื”.

    La ื’ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื”ื” ื”ืฆื‘ืช 2 ื—ืœืงื™ื ืื—ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื ื™. ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื–ื” ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืฉื”ื™ื” ื”ื•ืกืจ ืžื”ืžืฉื—ืง.

    ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื ื‘ื›ืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืคื ื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื•ืคื ื™ื” ืื—ื•ืจื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉืจื™ืจื•ืชื™ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ื›ืžื” ืฉื“ื•ืช ืฉืคื•ื ื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืื• ืคื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื”. ื”ื“ื‘ืงืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืฆื•ืจื”. ื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžืงืกื™ืžื•ื ืžืœื›ื” ืื—ืช. ืื ืชืื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื” ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื—ื•ืกืจ ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ื ืจืื” ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ื’ื‘ืจืช ืฉื ื™ื™ื”.

    ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืคืกื™ื“.

    ืžื” ืžื˜ืจืช ื”"ื’ื‘ืจืช "?

    ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ื”ืคื•ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉืœื›ื ืฉืžื›ื•ืช ืื• ื—ื•ืกืžื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื•.

    ืื™ืš ืžืจื•ื•ื™ื—ื™ื "ื“ืžื”"?

    ืื ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ื” ืื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื, ืืชื” ืžื ืฆื—.

    ืœืžื™ ืžืชืื™ืžื” ื”"ื’ื‘ืจืช "?

    ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืœื•ื— "Daae" ื”ื•ื ืžื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืœืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืฉืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื”ื ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื˜ืงื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ื–ื•ื’ื•ืช. ื–ื” ื”ื•ืคืš ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ืžื’ื™ืœ ืฉืฉ.

    ื›ืžื” ืขื•ืœื” ื”"ืœื™ื™ื“ื™ "?

    ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžืคื™ืฅ ื•ืœื’ืจืกื”, "ื“ืื" ื ืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืฉืจื” ื™ื•ืจื• ืœืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื• ื™ื•ืจื• 63 ืœื“ื’ืžื™ื ืืฆื™ืœื™ื ืžืื•ื“.

    ืžื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœ"ื’ื‘ืจืช "?

    ืขืœ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื”, ืคืขื•ืœื” ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืช ื•ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืžื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžื•ืขื“ ืœื”ืคืขืœืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ื›ืžื”.

    ื”ืื ืžื›ื” ื—ื–ืจื” ืขื "ื“ืžืงื”" ื ืกื‘ืœืช?

    ื›ืŸ, ืื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื“ื‘ื™ืง, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ื“ื‘ื™ืง ืž ืฆื“ ืœืฆื“ .

    ืกื•ื’ื™ ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™

    ืงืœึทืืกึดื™ืงึธื” 

    • ืžืœื›ื” ืœืœื ืชืคื™ืกื”: ื”ืžืœื›ื” ื ืขื” ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ, ื—ื•ืฆื” ืืช ื”ื—ืœืœื™ื ื”ืจื™ืงื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื ืจื•ืฆื”, ืคื•ื ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืื• ืคื•ื ื” ืื—ื•ืจื”, ื‘ืœื™ ืœืงื—ืช ื›ืœ ืคื™ืกืช ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื”ื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ื“ืจื›ื” ื•ื”ื™ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื–ื”.
    • ืžืœื›ื” ืขื ืชืคื™ืกื”: ืื ื™ืฉ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืจืช ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ื”ื˜ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘, ื”ืชืคื•ืก ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืจืง ืื ื™ืฉ ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืื—ื“ ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืจื™ืง ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื—ืชื™ื›ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘, ื”ืชืคืก ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื‘ื”. ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืื™ื ื” ื ื“ืจืฉืช ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ืืชืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืฉื ืชืคืกื”. ื–ื” ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื, ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ: ืฉื—, ื“ืžืงื” ื• ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื•.

    ื“ืžืงื” ืกื™ื ื™ืช

    ื“ืžืงื” ืกื™ื ื™ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื‘ืขืœ 6 ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืฉืช. ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืฉื”ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืžืฆื˜ืœื‘ื™ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื‘ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช, ืžื•ืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉื‘ื‘ื™ื. ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืืช 15 ื”ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ื”ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ืคื•ืš ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช.

    ื ืฉื™ื ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ื•ืช 

    ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื ืœืืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช, ืขื ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื:

    • ื”ืœื•ื— ืžื•ื ื— ืขื ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืœื‘ืŸ ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ.
    • ืื™ื ืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ืช.
    • ืื ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืœื ืœื•ืงื— ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจ, ื”ื ืžืคืกื™ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง.

    ื ืฉื™ื ืื ื’ืœื™ื•ืช 

    ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืื•ืชื ื—ื•ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื, ื—ื•ืฅ ืžื–ื” ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืœืชืคื•ืก ื›ืœ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ื•ืœื ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืคื™ ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื” ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืจื’ื™ืœื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื ื•ืข ื•ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ืœืื—ื•ืจ ื•ืคื ื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื”.

    ื ืฉื™ื ืจื•ืกื™ื•ืช 

    ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืžื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื ื”ื ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื”ื–ืจื™ืงื” ืื™ื ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืกื“ืจืช ื™ืจื™ื•ืช, ืื ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืชืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื”, ื”ื™ื ืชืขืœื” ืœืžืœื›ื” ื•ืชืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ืžืœื›ื”.

    ื ืฉื™ื ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื•ืช

    ื›ื ืจืื” ื”ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช.

    ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืœื•ื— ื”ืžื—ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืฉืžื•ื ื”. ืœื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื™ืฉ ืฉืฉ ืขืฉืจื” ื—ืœืงื™ื ื•ืžืฆื™ื‘ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื•ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืœื™ื”ื.

    • ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื–ื–ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื•ืจืชื•ื’ื•ื ืœื™, ื”ืฆื™ื“ื” ืื• ืคื•ื ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ืืš ืœื ืคื•ื ื” ืื—ื•ืจื”.
    • ื”ื•ื ื ืœื›ื“ ื’ื ืคื•ื ื” ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืื• ืคื•ื ื” ืœืฆื“ื“ื™ื. ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืฉืชื•ืคืกืช ืžืงื‘ืœ ื™ื—ื“ ืœื–ื” ืฉื›ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืฉื ืชืคืกื”, ืฉืžื•ื“ื—ืง ืžื™ื“ (ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื”, ืœื ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื–ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง).
    • ื›ืฉื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืœืฉื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื” ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืœืžืœื›ื”.
    • ืžืœื›ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ื›ืžื” ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืจื™ืงื™ื ืฉื”ืŸ ืจื•ืฆื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ืคื ื™ื ืื—ื•ืจื” ืื• ืžื•ืœ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื.
    • ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ ืฉืชื•ืฆืจืช ืžืœื›ื” ื–ื”ื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช, ืœืžืขื˜ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ื“ืจืš ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืจื™ืงื™ื ืขื“ ืœื”ื’ืขื” ืœื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืฉื ืชืคืกื”.
    • ืžืชื™ ืฉืืคืฉืจ, ื”ืชืคื•ืก ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.
    • ื”ื ื™ืฆื—ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืฆืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชืคื™ืกืช ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘, ื”ืฉืชืงืชื• ืื• ื”ืฉืืจืชื•, ืœื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ืžืœื›ื”.

    ื”ืคืกื“ ื–ื›ื™ื™ื”

    ื•ืจื™ืืฆื™ื” ื‘ื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื–ื”ื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืจืฉืžื™, ืืš ื‘ื•ื•ืจื™ืืฆื™ื” ื–ื•, ืžื™ ืฉื ื’ืžืจ ืœื• ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื–ื•ื›ื”. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš, ืขืœ ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืืช ื—ืœืงื™ื• ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ ื‘ื”ืงื“ื ื”ืืคืฉืจื™.

    ืชืงื ื” ืจืฉืžื™ืช ืœื ืฉื™ื

    ืžืฉื—ืง ื•ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื

    1. ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ ื–ื” ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ืžื ื˜ืœื™ ืฉื™ื—ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืื ืฉื™ื.
    2. ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืจื”, ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื”ื ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื.

    ื”ื›ื™ื ื• ื—ื•ืžืจ

    3. ืžืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื” ื”ื•ื ืžื ื•ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ืžืจื•ื‘ืข, ืžื—ื•ืœืง ืœ 100 ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื, ืœืกื™ืจื•ื’ื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื•ื›ื”ื”.

    1. ื”ื•ื ืžืฉื•ื—ืง ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื, ื ืงืจื ื‘ืชื™ื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื.
    2. ื”ืงื•ื•ื™ื ื”ืืœื›ืกื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื”ื›ื”ื™ื ื”ื ืืœื›ืกื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ืœ 17. ื”ืงื• ื”ืืœื›ืกื•ื ื™ ื”ืืจื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ืœ ืขื 10 ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื•ืžืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืœืฉืชื™ ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืœื•ื—, ื ืงืจื ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ.
    3. ื”ืœื•ื— ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืฉืžืืœ ืœื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžืฉืžืืœ ืœื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ื•ื ื›ื”ื”.

    4. ื”ืœื•ื— ืฉื”ื•ืฆื‘ ื›ืš ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ืฉืžื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื™ื:

    1. ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื: ืฆื™ื“ื™ ื”ืœื•ื— ืžื•ืœ ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืื• ืฆืœื—ื•ืช ื”ื›ืชืจื”.
    2. ืœืฆื™ื™ืจ: ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื•ืช.
    3. ื›ืœื™ ืื•ื›ืœ: ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืื•ืคืงื™ื™ื ืขื 5 ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื.
    4. ืขืžื•ื“ื•ืช: ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืื ื›ื™ื™ื ืขื 5 ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื.

    5. ืœืคื™ ื”ืืžื ื”, ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ืžืžื•ืกืคืจื™ื ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ 1 ืœ -50 (ืกื™ืžื•ืŸ ืžื ื•ืจื™). ืžืกืคื•ืจ ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืคืก ืขืœ ื”ืžื’ืฉ. ื›ืฉืžืกืชื›ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืœื•ื— ืžืœืคื ื™ื ื”ืžืกืคื•ืจ ื”ืžืฉืชืžืข ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืฉืžืืœ ืœื™ืžื™ืŸ, ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ื”ื›ื”ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ืจื” ื”ืขืœื™ื•ื ื” ื•ืžืกืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ื”ื›ื”ื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ืจื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื” (ืชืจืฉื™ื I).

    ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืืžืช ืืช ื–ื”:

      1. ื—ืžืฉืช ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื ืื• ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื”ื›ืชืจื” ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืฉืœ 1 ืขื“ 5 ื• -46 ืขื“ 50.
      2. ื—ืžืฉ ื”ืชื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื›ื”ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื‘ืœืื•ืช, ืื• ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช, ืžืชื•ื™ื’ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื 6, 16, 26, 36 ื• -46 ืžืฉืžืืœ, ื•ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื 5, 15, 25, 35 ื• -45 ืžื™ืžื™ืŸ.
      3. ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื ื•ื”ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื ืงืจืื™ื ื–ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื•ื—.

    6. ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื“ืžืงื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืžืฉื•ื—ืง ืขื 20 ืื‘ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืื• ืฉืงื•ืคื•ืช 20 ืื‘ื ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช ืื• ื›ื”ื•ืช.

    7. ืœืคื ื™ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง, ื”- 20 ืื‘ื ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช ืชื•ืคืฉื•ืช ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืž -1 ืขื“ 20, ื•ืื‘ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ 31 ืœ -50. ื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ 21 ืœ -30 ื™ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื—ื™ื ื (ืชืจืฉื™ื 2).

    ืชื ื•ืขืช ื—ืœืงื™ื

    8. ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ื”ื™ื ื” ื–ืจื ื’ื ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืื‘ืŸ ื•ื’ื‘ืจืช.

    9. ืชืœื•ื™ ืื ื”ื ืื‘ืŸ ืื• ืžืœื›ื”, ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื–ื–ื™ื ื•ืœื•ื‘ืฉื™ื ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื“ืจ ืžื‘ื™ืช ืื—ื“ ืœื‘ื™ืช ืื—ืจ ื ืงืจื "ืœื”ืฆื™ืข".

    10. ื”ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื•ื–ืžืช ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ืœื‘ืŸ. ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืœืกื™ืจื•ื’ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืขื ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืฉืœื”ื, ืฆืขื“ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื.

    11. ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ืชืงื“ื, ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ, ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืฉืืจ ืœื‘ื™ืช ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ื‘ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื‘ื.

    12. ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืœื›ืชืจ ื”ื›ืชืจ ื•ื ืฉืืจื” ืฉื ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืžืงื•ื“ืžืช ืœืžืœื›ื”. ื”ื›ืชืจืช ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืžืกื•ืžื ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื•ืคืฃ ืื‘ืŸ ืื—ืจืช ื‘ืื•ืชื• ืฆื‘ืข.

    13. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ ืžืžืžืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ื”ื›ืชืจื” ื”ื–ื•.

    14. ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื ืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ืฉื™ื ืฉื•ืžืจืช ืขืœ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื–ื•, ืืš ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื•ืข ื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื›ืชื™ืจ ืื•ืชื•.

    15. ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืฉื”ื•ื›ืชืจื” ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ืžืชื™ืŸ ืขื“ ืฉื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉื™ื—ืง ืคืขื ืื—ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง.

    16. ื”ืžืœื›ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืœืžืฉื ื”ื•, ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื• ื”ื™ื ืžืžื•ืงืžืช ืœื›ืœ ืื—ืจ, ืขืœ ืคื™ ื‘ื—ื™ืจืชื”, ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื ืชื•ืคืกืช ืœืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื”.

      1. ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืกื™ื•ืžื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉื—ืจืจ ืื•ืชื” ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื–ื™ื– ืื•ืชื”.
      2. ืื ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ืžื”ืœืš ื ื•ื’ืข ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื ื™ืชื ื•ืช ืœืฉื—ืง, ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืื•ืชื•.
      3. ืื ื˜ืจื ืฉื•ื—ืจืจื” ื”ืื‘ืŸ ื ื’ืขื” ืื• ื ืขื”, ืžื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืื•ืชื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื—ืจ, ืื ื ื™ืชืŸ.
      4. ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืขื ื”ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื”ืฆื™ื‘ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืช ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืœื•ื— ื—ื™ื™ื‘, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ื–ืืช, ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืขื ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ "AJEITO".

    ืื™ืฉ ืงืฉืจ

    17. ืœืงื™ื—ืช ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื•ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื•ืื—ื•ืจื”. ื–ืจื™ืงื” ืžืœืื” ื ืกืคืจืช ื›ืฆืขื“ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ืฉื”ื•ืฉืžืข. ืืกื•ืจ ืœืฉืืช ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืขืฆืžื.

    18. ืื ืื‘ืŸ ื‘ืื” ื‘ืžื’ืข, ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ, ืขื ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ื”ืคื•ื›ื”, ืฉืœืื—ืจื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืจื™ืง ืขืœ ืื•ืชื• ื”ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ, ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื•ืœื›ื‘ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™. ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื”ื ื’ื“ื™ืช ืžื•ืกืจืช ืžื”ืœื•ื—. ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœืžื” ื–ื•, ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืื• ืื—ื•ืจื”, ื”ื™ื ื”ื–ืจื™ืงื” ืฉื ืขืฉืชื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ.

    19. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžืœื›ื” ื•ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื”ื ื’ื“ื™ืช ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ืงืจื•ื‘ ืื• ืžืจื•ื—ืงื™ื ื–ื” ืžื–ื” ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืจื™ืง ืื—ื“ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื ื’ื“ื™, ืขืœ ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื™ืคื ื™ ื•ืœืชืคื•ืก ื›ืœ ืฉื˜ื— ืคื ื•ื™ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื”, ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœืš. ืคืขื•ืœื” ื›ื–ื• ื ื•ืงื˜ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช.

    20. ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืžื•ืฆื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ืกื“ืจ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ. ื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงืฆื™ื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ืœื–ืจื™ืงื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืœื˜ืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืชืงืŸ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื‘ืงืฉืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘. ื”ื ื˜ื™ืœื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืกื™ื•ืžื” ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืกืจืช ื”ืขื•ืจ ืื• ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื.

    21. ื›ืืฉืจ ืื‘ืŸ ืฉืชืคืกืช ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื’ืข ืขื ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ื• ื™ืฉ ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืจื™ืง, ืื•ืชื” ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœืงืคื•ืฅ, ื•ืื– ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืœืื”, ืชื•ืคืกืช ืืช ื”ื—ืœืœ ื”ืคื ื•ื™ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ. ืžื”ืœืš \ ืœื–ื•ื– \ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ. ื—ืœืงื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉื ืชืคืกื• ื›ืš ื”ื, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉืœืžืช ื”ืžื”ืœืš, ื”ื•ืกืจ ืžื™ื“ ืžื”ืœื•ื— ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืขื•ืœื” ืื• ื™ื•ืจื“. ื›ืœ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ื”ื–ื• ื ืงืจืืช ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช ืฉื ืขืฉืชื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื‘ืŸ.

    22. ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืœื›ื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื ืœื•ืงื—ืช, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืงืคื™ืฆื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืืœื›ืกื•ืŸ, ืงืจื•ื‘ ืื• ื‘ืžืจื—ืง, ืžืื‘ืŸ ืžื ื•ื’ื“ืช ืื—ืจืช, ื”ืงื™ื™ืžืช ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืจื™ืงื™ื ื–ื• ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขืœ ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืฉื ื™ ื”ื–ื”, ื•ืื– ืžืขืœ ืฉืœื™ืฉ ื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืœืื” ื•ืชื•ืคืก ืžืงื•ื ืคื ื•ื™, ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจืชืš, ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉื ืชืคืก.

    ื—ืœืงื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉื ืชืคืกื• ื›ืš, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉืœืžืช ื”ืžื”ืœืš, ืžื•ืกืจื™ื ืžื™ื“ ืžื”ืœื•ื— ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืขื•ืœื” ืื• ื™ื•ืจื“. ืคืขื•ืœื” ื–ื• ื”ื™ื ื–ืจื™ืงืช ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช ืฉื‘ื™ืฆืขื” ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช.

    23. ื‘ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช ืืกื•ืจ ืœื“ืœื’ ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ื.

    24. ื‘ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช ืžื•ืชืจ ืœืš ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืจื™ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืคืขื ืื—ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ืจืง ืคืขื ืื—ืช.

    25. ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช, ื—ืœืง ืื—ืจ ื—ืœืง, ืงืคื™ืฆื” ืื—ืจ ืงืคื™ืฆื”, ืขื“ ืฉืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ. ื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงืฆื™ื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ืœื–ืจื™ืงื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืœื˜ืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืชืงืŸ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื‘ืงืฉืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.

    26. ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืกื™ื•ืžื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ืคื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื”ืื• ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืื• ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืชื ื•ืขื”.

    27. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื ืœืงื—ื• ืžื”ืžื’ืฉ ืจืง ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉืœืžืช ื™ืจื™ ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช. ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื ืชืคืกื• ืžื•ืกืจื™ื ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืžืกืชื™ื™ืžืช ื•ื‘ืกื“ืจ ื”ืขื•ืœื” ืื• ื”ื™ื•ืจื“ ื‘ื• ื”ื•ืงืคืฆื•,

    ื‘ืœื™ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช. ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžืกื•ื“ืจ ืฉืœ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื ืชืคืกื• ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืœื˜ืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืชืงืŸ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื‘ืงืฉืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.

    28. ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ืฉื ืœืงื—ื• ืื• ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืžื‘ืฆืข ื”ื•ืคืกืง.

    29. ืœืงื™ื—ืช ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืงืข ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ื‘ื”. ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื›ืœืœ ื–ื”, ื”ืžืœื›ื” ืื™ื ื” ืžืขื“ื™ืคื” ืื• ืžื˜ื™ืœื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื›ืœืฉื”ื™. ื‘ื–ืจื™ืงื” ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ื•ื”ืื‘ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืฉื•ื•ื”.

    30. ืื ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืงื—ืช, ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ื‘ืžืกืคืจื, ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืจืฉืื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ืขื ืื‘ืŸ ืื• ืžืœื›ื”, ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื” ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืื• ืžืจื•ื‘ื”.

    31. ืื•ืฉืจ ื‘ 3.5 ืžืืžืจื”ืื‘ืŸ ืฉื‘ื–ืจื™ืงืช ืฉืจืฉืจืช ืขื•ื‘ืจืช ืจืง ื“ืจืš ืื—ื“ ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ื˜ ื”ื”ื›ืชืจื” ื”ื ื’ื“ื™, ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื”ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืื‘ืŸ.

    ืื™ ืกื“ืจื™ื

    32. ืื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืชื’ืœื” ืฉื”ืœื•ื— ื”ื•ืฆื‘ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื’ื•ื™, ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืกืขื™ืฃ 2.4, ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื•ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืื•ืชื• ืžื—ื“ืฉ.

    33. ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืกืขื™ืฃ 2.8 ื™ืฉ ืœืืžืช ืœืคื ื™ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง. ื›ืœ ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืฉื ืžืฆืื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื ืคืชืจืช ื›ืžืืžืจ 5.4.

    34. ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ืข ืœื ืคืขื™ืœ (ืฉืงื•ืฃ) ืื™ื ื• ืคืขื™ืœ ื•ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจื• ืœืคื•ืขืœ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืคืจื™ื˜ 5.4.

    35. ืื ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžื‘ืฆืข ืื—ืช ืžื”ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื•ืช, ืจืง ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืชืงืŸ ืื• ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื—ืจื™ื’ื•ืช. ืื™ ืกื“ืจื™ื:

    36. ืœืฉื—ืง ืฉืชื™ ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื‘ืจืฆืฃ.

    37. ื‘ืฆืข ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ืœื ืกื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื‘ืŸ ืื• ื’ื‘ืจืช.

    38. ืฉื—ืง ืื—ื“ ืžืฉืœืš ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื•ืœืฉื—ืง ืื—ืจ.

    39. ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืื—ื•ืจื” ื”ืžื™ืจื•ืฅ ื ืขืฉื”.

    40. ืฉื—ืง ืืช ื—ืชื™ื›ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.

    41. ื ื’ืŸ ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ืžืชื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืœื›ื•ื“.

    42. ื”ืกืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืื• ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ื“ื™ืจืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืœืœื ืกื™ื‘ื”.

    43. ืงื— ืžืกืคืจ ื—ืœืงื™ื ื ืžื•ืš ืื• ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื›ืœืœ ืงื•ื‘ืข.

    44. ืขืฆื•ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืกื™ื•ื ืคืงืง ืฉืจืฉืจืช.

    45. ื”ืกืจ ืคื™ืกืช ืฆืœื—ืช, ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืœื ืกื“ื™ืจื”, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ืคืงืง ืžืกืชื™ื™ื.

    46. โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืกืจ, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืœื›ื™ื“ื”, ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืžืกืคืจ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื ืœืงื—ื•.

    47. ื”ืกืจ, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืœื›ื™ื“ื”, ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื ื ืœืงื—ื•.

    48. ื”ืคืกืง ืœืžืฉื•ืš ื—ืœืงื™ื ืขืœ ืฉืงืข ืฉืจืฉืจืช.

    49. ืœืื—ืจ ืœื›ื™ื“ื”, ื”ืกืจ ืื—ื“ ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืฉืœืš.

    50. ืื, ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืกื™ื‘ื” ืžืงืจื™ืช, ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ืื• ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ื‘ืžืฉื—ืง, ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื–ื•, ืฉืื•ืžืชื” ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืขืช, ืื™ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื—ืฉื‘ ื›ื—ืจื™ื’ื”.

    51. ืื ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžืกืจื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืช ืœื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื, ืœื™ืจื™ื‘ ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ืœืื›ื•ืฃ ื–ืืช.

    52. ื›ืœ ืžื”ืœืš ืฉื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ืจื™ื‘ื• ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉื‘ื™ืฆืข ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืื• ืฉืžืกืจื‘ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืข ืœื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื ืฉืงื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ืžืฆื‘. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื–ื” ื ื’ืžืจืช ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ืœืชื™ืงื•ืŸ.

    53. ื”ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ ืฉืœ ื ืื™ ืกื“ืจื™ื ืื• ืขื‘ื™ืจื•ืช.

    ืžื”ืœื•ืค

    53. ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ืŸ ื›ืืฉืจ ืื•ืชื” ืขืžื“ื” ืžื•ืฆื’ืช ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ืื•ืชื• ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืื—ืจืื™ ืขืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื”.

    54. ืื•ืžืช ืฉื‘ืžื”ืœืš 25 ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ืขื•ืงื‘ื•ืช, ืจืง ื ืขื• ืฆืขื“ื™ ื“ืžืงื”, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืงื—ืช ืื• ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืืช ื”ืื‘ืŸ, ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืจ.

    55. ืื ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉืœื•ืฉ ื—ืœืงื™ื, ืฉืชื™ ื—ืœืงื™ื ื•ืื‘ืŸ ืื—ืช, ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืช ื•ืฉืชื™ ืื‘ื ื™ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ืชื™ื›ื”, ื”ื’ืžืจ ื™ื™ื—ืฉื‘ ื›ืฉื™ื•ื•ื™ื•ืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ืขืฉืจื” ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ.

    66. ื”ืกื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ืฉืชื™ ืžืœื›ื•ืช, ืžืœื›ื” ื•ืื‘ืŸ ืื• ืžืœื›ื” ื ื’ื“ ืžืœื›ื”, ื–ื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ.

    ืชื•ืฆืื”

    77. ืœืชื•ืฆืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืชื™ ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช:

    1.  ื ื™ืฆื—ื•ืŸ ืœืฉื•ืชืฃ, ื•ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ืชื‘ื•ืกื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืื—ืจ.
    2. ืขื ื™ื‘ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืœื ืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœื ืฆื—.

    78. ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžื ืฆื— ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘:

        1. ืžืฉื—ืง ื ื˜ื•ืฉ.
        2. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืžืขื‘ืจ, ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื—ืง.
        3. ืื™ื‘ื“ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื.
        4. ืžืกืจื‘ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ืชืงื ื•ืช.

    79. ืขื ื™ื‘ื” ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ื›ืืฉืจ:

    1. ื”ืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืžืฆื”ื™ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืš ื‘ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื“ื“ื™ืช.
    2. ื”ื—ืœืช ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืกืขื™ืฃ 6.
    3. ื›ืืฉืจ ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืฆื—.

    ื‘ื™ืื•ืจ

    80. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื™ืกื•ืจ ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืž -1 ืขื“ 50, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืกืขื™ืฃ 2.6., ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื, ืชื ื•ืขื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชื ื•ืขื”, ื”ืŸ ื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืœื‘ืŸ, ืชื•ืš ื”ืงืœื˜ืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ื•ืœื•.

    81. ืชืขืชื™ืง ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ื‘ื:

    1. ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื”ืชื—ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื•ืื—ืจื™ื• ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื”ืชื—ืœืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืง.
    2. ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžืงืฃ ืžืงืฃ (-) ืœืชื ื•ืขื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ื”.
    3. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืœืงื™ื—ืช ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื ื”ื ื™ื•ืคืจื“ื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ (ืื™ืงืก).

    ืื•ืชื•ืช ืงื•ื ื‘ื ืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ื™ื

    82. ืœืฉื ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื‘ืจื•ืจ, ื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืœื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœืฆื™ื•ืŸ:

        1. ืชื ื•ืขื” -
        2. ืขื–ื™ื‘ื”: x
        3. ืฉื™ื—ืง ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืื• ืชื ื•ืขื” ื—ื–ืงื”:!
        4. ื”ืฆืขื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืžืื•ื“: !!
        5. ื”ืฆืขื” ื—ืœืฉื” ืื• ื’ืจื•ืขื” ???
        6. ื”ืฆืขื” ื—ืœืฉื” ืžืื•ื“ ืื• ื’ืจื•ืขื”:??

    ืฉืœื™ื˜ืช ื–ืžืŸ

    83. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ืฉื‘ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืžืกืคืจ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ื–ืžืŸ.

    84. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื”, ืขืœ ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื:

        1. ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืชื—ืจื•ืช.
        2. ื”ืงืœื˜ ืžื”ืœืš ืื—ืจ ืžื”ืœืš, ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืœื‘ืŸ, ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืžืœื.

    85. ื ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ื–ืžืŸ ืœืžืฉื—ืง ื›ื•ืœื•.

    86. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื”, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืชื—ืจื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื‘ื”, ืืš ื”ืขืจื” ืื™ื ื” ื ื“ืจืฉืช.

    87. ืœื•ื‘ืฉ ืืช ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื ืฉืœื˜ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื•ื”ืชืงื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชื—ืจื•ืช.

    ืขื•ื“ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื

    ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืชืฉื•ื‘ื”

    ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืœืš ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *

    ืœืžืขืœื”

    ืื ืืชื” ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืืชืจ ื–ื” ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช. ืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ