ืฉืฉ - ื‘ืฉ

ืื™ื ื“ืงืก()

    ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ: ืื™ืš ืœืฉื—ืง ืฉืœื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘? ๐Ÿ’ก

    ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื—ืง ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ื ื, ืคืฉื•ื˜   ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืฉืœื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘:

    ืฆืขื“ 1  . ืคืชื— ืืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขืœื™ืš ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืืชืจ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืืžื•ืœื˜ื•ืจ. ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ.

    ืฆืขื“ 2  . ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœืืชืจ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื›ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืฆื’ ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืš. ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ "ืœืฉื—ืง"  ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ืง, ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืœืฉื—ืง ื ื’ื“ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืื•  ืœืฉื—ืง ืขื ื—ื‘ืจ.

    ืฉืœื‘ 3. ืœื”ืœืŸ ื›ืžื” ื›ืคืชื•ืจื™ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื. ืคื—ื™ืช "ื”ื•ืกืฃ ืื• ื”ืกืจ ืฆืœื™ืœ", ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืคืชื•ืจ "ืœึฐืฉื‚ึทื—ึตืง"ื•ืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ืง, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ"ื”ึทืคืกึธืงึธื”"ื•"ื”ืคืขืœ ืžื—ื“ืฉ" ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช.

    ืฉืœื‘ 4.  ื”ื•ืจื“ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื”ืœื•ื— ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉืœืš.

    ืฉืœื‘ 5.   ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉืœืžืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง, ืœื—ืฅ  "ืืชื—ื•ืœ"  ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื”ืชื—ืœื”.

    ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืฉืฉ-ืฉืฉ ???

    ืœื•ื— ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ

    ื”ืžื™ืœื” ืฉืฉ - ื‘ืฉ ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉื ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืž- ืœื•ื— ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ื•ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ืฉื“ื•ืจืฉ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ ื‘ ืžืฉื˜ื— ื™ืฉืจ, ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื—ื•ืฅ ืœืืจืฅ, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืฉืžื•.

    ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื, ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ืžืฉื—ืง, ืื—ื“ ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ืžื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืช ืื• ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ืช, ืชื™ืื•ื, ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ืช ื™ื“ื ื™ืช, ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ, ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื“ื“ื•ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ื˜ื”ื•ืจ, ืœื ืฆื— ืื• ืœื”ืคืกื™ื“.

    ืžื˜ื‘ืขื•, ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืื™ื ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืช, ืื ื›ื™ ื—ืœืงื ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ื•ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื•. ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืงื•ื‘ืฆื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื•.

    ืืœื” ื›ืžื” ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ืœื”ืŸ.

    • ืžื™ ืฉ ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช: ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืฉ ื”ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืื• ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื˜ืื•ืœื™, ืœื•ื“ื•, ืคืืจืงื™ื, ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ, ื ื—ืฉื™ื ื•ืกื•ืœืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ.
    • ืžื™ ืฉ ื”ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืืกื™ืžื•ื ื™ื: ื”ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ื’ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืืกื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ื›ืืœืžื ื˜ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™. ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ืœืกื•ื’ ืžืฉื—ืง ื–ื” ื”ืŸ ื›ืžื• ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื• ืื• mahjong.
    • ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื: ืืœื” ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืฉืžืฉื•ื—ืงื™ื ืขืœ ืœื•ื—, ื›ืžื• ืœืžืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืžื˜ (ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืžืขืจื‘ื™, ืฉื™ืื ื’ืงื™ ืื• ืฉื•ื’ื™ "ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืกื™ื ื™" ืื• "ืฉื—ืžื˜ ื™ืคื ื™", ื”ื’'ืื ื’ื™ ืื• "ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืงื•ืจื™ืื ื™" ืื• ืžืงืจื•ืง, ื”ื ืงืจืื™ื ื’ื "ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืชืื™ืœื ื“ื™"), Damas, ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืกื™ื ื™, ื”ื ืคื˜ืคืœ (ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ื’ืจืžื ื™ื™ื), ืžื ืงืœื” (ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ื•ืกื•ืจื˜ื”).
    • ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ื™ืืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ืžื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ืฉืžื›ื•ื ื” "ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงื•ืคืกื", ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืืœื” ื ืงืจืื™ื ื’ื ื›ืš ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื›ืจื™ืข ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงืจื™ื ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืœืคื™ืชื•ื— ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืฉืœื•. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœืื™ ืžื™ื™ืขื“ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื”ืžื•ื ื— "ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืžืœื—ืžื”" ื”ื•ื ืชืจื’ื•ื ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™.
    • ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืžืจื•ื‘ื” ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื: ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฆืจืฃ ืื•ืชื ื’ื ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉื ื™ื™ื. ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ื”- jืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงืœืคื™ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื, ืื• ืขื ืกื™ืคื•ืŸ ืฆืจืคืชื™ ืื• ืกืคืจื“ื™; ืื• ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงืœืคื™ื ื›ืžื• Hanafuda, ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื‘ื™ืคืŸ.

    ื’ืจืกื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื•ืžืกื—ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงืœืคื™ื, ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงืœืคื™ื ืืกืคื ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• Magic: The Gathering ืื• Yu-Gi-Oh!.

    ื”ื ื ื•ืฆืจื• ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืขื™ื. ื”ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื‘ื”ื ืชืคืงื™ื“ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืœืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื”ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื”ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื‘ื—ื ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืžื˜ืจื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉื”ื ืžืชืคืจืฉื™ื.

    ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื”ื•ื ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ื•ืœื ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ. ืžื‘ื•ื›ื™ื ื•ื“ืจืงื•ื ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื–'ืื ืจ ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ืฉื ืงืจื ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื” ื”ืจื•ืื™ืช, ืืš ืขื“ ืžื”ืจื” ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ืœืฉื•ืง, ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ื”ื•ืคืขืชื ืฉืœ ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ-ืฉืฉ ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืฉื™ื™ื›ื™ื ืœื–'ืื ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžืขืจื‘ื•ื ื™ื, ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืืง, ืžื“ืข ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™, ืื•ืคืจืช ื—ืœืœ, ืื™ืžื” ื’ื•ืชื™ืช, ื”ื•ืžื•ืจ, ืจื™ื’ื•ืœ, ืคื™ืจืื˜ื™ื•ืช ื•ื›ื• '.

    ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ืช ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ๐Ÿค“

    ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ

    ืฉืึตื ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื ื•ื‘ืข ืžื”ืžื™ืœื” gamen (ืžืื ื’ืœื™ืช ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื), ืฉืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื• ืžืฉื—ืง.

    ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฉืคื—ืช ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื”ื™ื• ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืฆืฆื•. ืจื•ื‘ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื’ืœื’ื•ืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืื• ื—ืคืฅ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ื›ืžื• ืงืœื™ืคื•ืช, ื–ืจืขื™ื ืื• ืงื™ืกืžื™ื.

    ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื–ื• ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืžืกืคืจ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืกื ื˜ (ืขื•ืชืง ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืงื‘ืจ ื˜ื•ื˜ืืงืืžื•ืŸ), Nyout (ืžืฉื—ืง ืงื•ืจื™ืื ื™), ืคื˜ื•ืœื™ (ืื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืืฆื˜ืงื™ื), ืคืืฆ'ื™ืกื™ (ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™, ืขื ืขื•ื“ ื•ืจื™ืื ื˜ื™ื) ื‘ืœื•ื“ื• ื•ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืกืคื”) ื•ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืื•ื•ื– (ืžืฉื—ืง ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ ืฉื”ืคืš ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื‘ืžืื” ื” -XNUMX).

    ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื”ื•ื ืชื•ืฆืื” ืฉืœ ื˜ืจื ืกืคื•ืจืžืฆื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ื™ื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืฉืจื“ื• ืขื“ ื”ื™ื•ื. ืžืงื•ืจื• ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืฆืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืงื“ื•ืžื•ืช. ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืื™ื ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืืœื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื™ื ื ืžืฆืื• ื‘ืงื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ื ื™ืœื•ืก ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืื•ืจ ื‘ืžืกื•ืคื•ื˜ืžื™ื”.

    ืœืคื ื™ 800 ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืคืจืก ืžืฉื—ืง ื‘ืฉื ื ืจื“. ืื™ืŸ ืกืคืง ืฉื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื›ื™ืจื• ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื›ืฉื›ื‘ืฉื• ืืช ืคืจืก ื‘ืžืื” ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืขื™ืช. ื”ืคืจืกื™ื, ืžืฆื“ื, ืœืžื“ื• ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžื”ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ื, ืฉืื•ืœื™ ื”ื›ื™ืจื• ืื•ืชื ื“ืจืš ื”ืกื™ื ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืฉื”ืขืœื• ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืœืจืžืช ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื–ื• ืฉื”ื ื›ืชื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืกืคืจื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืขืœื™ื”ื. ื”ื ืืจื“ ื•ื”ื’ืจืกืื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืืกื™ื”.

    ื ืจืื” ื›ื™ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื ืจื“ ื”ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืชืžื”ื™ืœ ืขื ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื˜ืื‘ื•ืœื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื’ืจืกื” ื—ื“ืฉื”. 30 ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžืฉื• ืขืœ ืœื•ื— 24 ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช, ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ื•ื’ื“ืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ 2 ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช.

    ืชื•ืš ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื”ืคืš ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™, ื•ื”ืชื—ืจื” ื‘ืฉื—ืžื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื”ืืฆื™ืœื™ื, ืžืงื•ื ืฉื ื›ื‘ืฉ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ ืงืœืคื™ื.

    ื‘ืžืื” ื”ืฉื‘ืข ืขืฉืจื” ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื’ืจืกื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉื”ื‘ื™ืื” ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืฉื™ืคื•ืจื™ ืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื—ื™ื™ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื•ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื• ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืื™ืจื•ืคื”. ื”ื•ื ื ื•ื“ืข ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ื” ื‘ืฉื ืฉืึตืฉื ื‘ึผึตืฉื, ื‘ืกืงื•ื˜ืœื ื“ ื›ื’ืžื•ืŸ, ื‘ืฆืจืคืช ื›ื˜ืจื™ืงื˜ืจืืง, ื‘ื’ืจืžื ื™ื” ื›ืคืืฃ, ื‘ืกืคืจื“ ื›ื˜ื‘ืœืก ืจื™ืืœืก ื•ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื›ื˜ืื‘ื•ืœ ืจื™ื™ืœ.

    ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉืžื™ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื™ื” ืงื“ื—ืช ื”ื™ืžื•ืจื™ื. ืื—ืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืฉืขืฉื” ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1925, ื”- ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœื”ื›ืคืœืช ืขืจืš ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ืฉืžืขื•. ืื‘ืœ ืฉื•ื‘, ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ื™ืจื“.

    ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืขื™ื, ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืœื ืฆืคื•ื™, ื”ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ืฉื•ื‘, ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ืฉื”ื™ื•ื ืงืœ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืœืงื ื•ืช ื’ื ืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื’ื ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื. ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ, Trictrac ืฉืžืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื•ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ื—ืงื” ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ ื•ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื”.

    ื—ื•ืžืจ ืœืฉื—ืง ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ๐Ÿ’ก

    ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ

    ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื—ืง ื‘ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš 2 ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื, ืœื•ื— ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ, 15 ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื, 15 ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื•ืฉืชื™ ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช 6-ืฆื“ื“ื™ื•ืช ืงืœืืกื™ื•ืช, ืขื 24 ื‘ืชื™ื ืžืฉื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ 6 ืœ -6 ื•ืžื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืœ -4 ื—ืœืงื™ื.

    • ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื - 2
    • ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืื• ืื‘ื ื™ื - 15 ืฉื—ื•ืจ, 15 ืœื‘ืŸ
    • ื’ืœืฉืŸ - 24 ื‘ืชื™ื ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื™ื ืžืงื•ื‘ืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ 6 ืœ -6 ื•ืžื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืœืืจื‘ืขื” ื—ืœืงื™ื
    • ื”ืžื˜ืจื”: ื”ืกืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืžื”ืœื•ื— ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.

    ื›ืœืœื™ ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ๐Ÿ“

    ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ

    ื”ื ื” ื ืกื™ื›ื•ื ืžื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ:

    • ืงื‘ืข ืืช ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ืœื’ื•ืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช
    • ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื—ืœืงื™ื ื‘ื”ืชื‘ืกืก ืขืœ ื”ืขืจื›ื™ื ืฉื ืœืงื—ื• ืžื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื
    • ืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ืŸ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืžืืคืฉืจ ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ื›ืคื•ืœื™ื
    • ืืกื•ืจ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœืš ืœื‘ืชื™ื ืขื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉื ื™ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื
    • ืื ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื™ืฉ ืจืง ื—ืชื™ื›ืช ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืื—ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืชืคื•ืก ืื•ืชื”
    • ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื”ืกืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžื”ืœื•ื— ื›ืฉื›ื•ืœื ื‘ืจื‘ืข ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ

    ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ื”ื•ื ืžืฉื—ืง ืœื•ื— ืžืกื•ืจืชื™, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื–ื•ื›ื” ื”ื•ื ื–ื” ืฉืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื• ืžื”ืœื•ื—.

    ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงืจื•ื ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ืžืœืื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื ืœืžื˜ื”.

    ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ

    ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืžื™ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉื™ืฉื—ืง.

    ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืžื™ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ, ื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื’ืœื’ืœ 1 ืžืช. ืžื™ ืฉื™ืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืจืš ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืฉื—ืง. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉื•ื•ื™ื•ืŸ, ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืชื—ืจืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื‘ ืขื“ ืœื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืชื•ืš ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืขืจืš ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืชื—ื™ืœื”.

    ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”: ืฉื—ืงืŸ A ืžื’ืœื’ืœ ืžืช ื•ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืจืš 5; ืฉื—ืงืŸ B ืžื’ืœื’ืœ ืชื‘ื ื™ืช ื•ืžืงื‘ืœ ื’ื ืืช ื”ืขืจืš 5; ืฉื—ืงืŸ A ืžื’ืœื’ืœ ืฉื•ื‘ ืžืช ื•ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืจืš 4; ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื‘ 'ืžื’ืœื’ืœ ืชื‘ื ื™ืช ื•ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืจืš 6; ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื‘ 'ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉื—ืง ืขื ืขืจื›ื™ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช 4 ื• -6 (ืขืจื›ื™ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืฉื™ื—ืงื• ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื A ื•- B).

    ื—ืœืงื™ื ื ืขื™ื ๐Ÿงฉ

    ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืžื™ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ, ื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืจื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ื’ืœื’ืœ 2 ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืคื™ ืขืจื›ื™ ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื.

    ื›ืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื‘ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื—ื“, ื”ืื—ื“ ื‘ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืฉื ื™ ื ื’ื“ ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ.

    ืื ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ืชืงืคื™ื ืขื ื”ืขืจื›ื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืฉื’ื• ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื”, ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืจ.

    ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืœืขื•ืœื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื–ื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื›ื‘ืจ 2 ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืจื™ื‘. ืื ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื™ืฉ ืจืง ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืžื ื•ื’ื“ืช ืื—ืช, ื”ื™ื ื ืœื›ื“ืช, ืขื•ื–ื‘ืช ืืช ื”ืœื•ื— ื•ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ืœ"ื‘ืจ ".

    ื›ืืฉืจ ืœืฉื—ืงืŸ ื™ืฉ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืฉื ืชืคืกื” ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืจืง ืžื”ืœื›ื™ ื”ืฆืœื”ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ืฉืžืกื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื ืชืคืกื• ืžื”ื‘ืจ ื•ืžืฆื™ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืฆื™ื™ืชื™ื ืœื›ืœืœ ืฉื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืžื ื•ื’ื“ืช ืื—ืช.

    ืื ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืžื’ืœื’ืœ ืืช ืื•ืชื ื”ืขืจื›ื™ื ืขืœ 2 ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืืช ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ืœื‘ืฆืข 4 ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ืขื ืขืจื›ื™ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื 2 ื”ืžื”ืœื›ื™ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื.

    ื”ื•ืฆืืช ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื”ืœื•ื—

    ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื• ืžืœื•ื— ื”ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ ืจืง ื›ืืฉืจ ื›ื•ืœื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืจื‘ืข ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ (ื ืงืจื ื’ื ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™). ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื—ืชื™ื›ื”, ืขืœ ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืœื–ืจื•ืง ืืช ื”ืกื›ื•ื ื”ืฉื•ื•ื” ืœืžืกืคืจ ื”ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืฉื ื•ืชืจื• ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช. ืื ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืขืจืš ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืจื—ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืืœื”. ื“ื•ื’ืžื: ืื ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืจื—ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื”ืกืจื” ืฉืœ 4 ื•ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืœื•ืงื— 6, ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžื”ืœื•ื—.

    ื–ื•ื›ื” ื‘ืžืฉื—ืง

    ื”ืžื ืฆื— ื‘ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ืฉืžืกื™ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœื• ืžื”ืœื•ื— ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘.

    ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœืžืฉื—ืง ืฉืฉ-ื‘ืฉ๐Ÿค“

    • ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ืฉืืจืช ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื
    • ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ื—ืชื™ื›ื” ืœื‘ื“, ื ืกื” ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื” ืžื—ืชื™ื›ืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘
    • ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ืžืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉืœืš ืกื’ื•ืจ
    • ืœื›ื‘ื•ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืชื™ื

    ืขื•ื“ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื

    ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืชืฉื•ื‘ื”

    ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืœืš ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *

    ืœืžืขืœื”

    ืื ืืชื” ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืืชืจ ื–ื” ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช. ืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ