Sudoku

Sudoku wasa ne wanda yake kama da lambar wuyar ganewa. Imarfafa tunanin hankali-lissafi da dabarun tunani. Da farko yana iya zama da kamar wuya, amma za ku ga cewa tare da ɗan yin aiki, sanin dabarun da suka dace, kowace rana za ta zama da sauƙi kuma ta fi nishaɗi.

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    Sudoku: yadda ake wasa mataki-mataki 🙂

    Za ku sami wani babban murabba'i wanda aka kasu zuwa kananan murabba'ai da yawa, kuma waɗannan ƙananan murabba'ai suna haɗuwa zuwa tsakiyar murabba'ai. Kowane matsakaiciyar murabba'i yana da ƙananan murabba'ai 9 a ciki.

    Manufar wasan shine a cika wuraren da babu komai tare da lambobi, don haka:

    • Duk layuka (a kwance) suna da dukkan lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9, ba tare da maimaita kowane ba.
    • Duk ginshiƙai (a tsaye) suna da dukkan lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9, ba tare da maimaita kowane ba.
    • Duk tsakiyar murabba'ai suna da dukkan lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9, ba tare da maimaita kowane ba.

    Menene Sudoku?

    A cikin Jafananci mai kyau, sunan da duk muka sani ba komai ba ne face saukaka kalmar "suji wa dokushin ni kagiru", menene ma'anar shi"lambobi dole ne su zama na musamman"Kuma yana nufin sauƙaƙan lokacin wasa na lambobi tare da umarni masu sauƙi waɗanda manufar su ita ce cika dukkan akwatunan da ba komai a ciki ta hanyar jerin lambobi cikin tsari. Wannan yana buƙatar dabaru da tunani don ƙudurin.

    Tarihin Sudoku 🤓

    labarin sudoku

     

    Duk da sunansa, Ba a kirkiro sudoku a Japan ba, Da sabuwar dabara aka dangana ga Swiss lissafi Leonhard Euler. A cikin karni na XVIII, halitta abin da ya kira "murabba'ai masu latin", wasa wanda dole ne adadi ya bayyana sau ɗaya kawai a kowane layi kuma a kowane shafi. 9 layuka da ginshiƙai 9 ya zama sananne lokacin da fara bugawa a cikin Amurka. A shekarun 1970s.

    Ya kasance a ciki 1984, lokacin da Jafananci Maki Kaji ya hadu da wasan. Bayan ya dawo mahaifarsa, Kaji ya inganta wasan (Ya ba da alamun lambobin, waɗanda sun riga sun bayyana a cikin akwatin, kuma sun ƙirƙiri matakai daban-daban na wahala, yi masa baftisma kuma ya mai da shi zazzaɓi tsakanin 'yan kasarsa: a yau Japan tana da sama da mujallu 600,000 ƙwararru a Sudoku.

    A Yammacin Turai, caca ta zama mahaukaci a cikin 2005. Mataki na farko an ɗauka a cikin 1997, lokacin da ɗan New Zealand Wayne Gould ya ziyarci Japan, koya game da Sudoku kuma ya haɓaka shirin komputa don wasan, wanda aka saki a cikin 2004. 8 watanni da suka gabata, abubuwan kirkirar wasan ya fara bugawa kullum jaridar The Times, wanda ba da daɗewa ba gasa ta mamaye duniya.

    Nau'in Sudoku

    nau'ikan sudoku

    Nau'in sudoku ban da na al'ada:

    • Diagonal: Don yin wasa, dole ne ku bi ƙa'idodi iri ɗaya kamar Sudoku na gargajiya, wato, ku kammala dukkan murabba'ai ta amfani da lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9, ba tare da maimaitawa a cikin layi na kwance da na tsaye ba. Babban abin da ya fi fice a wannan lamarin na sudoku shine, ban da haɗa layin a tsaye da na kwance, dole ne a yi zane-zane na tsakiya guda biyu da ke yin X, tare da lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9 kuma ba sa maimaita kansu.
    • Ba bisa doka ba: yana da dokoki iri ɗaya kamar na na gargajiya, sai dai cewa murabba'ai ba masu tsari bane.
    • Kakuro: Yin wasan kakuro ba shi da wahala sosai, kodayake ana ganin ya fi sudoku rikitarwa. Manufa ita ce sanya lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9 ta yadda ba za a sake maimaita su ba a jerin layi da kuma a jerin shafi, kasancewar ya zama tilas adadin lambobin (a kwance ko a tsaye) ya yi daidai da batun da ke da alaƙa .
    • Mai kisa: haɗuwa ce ta Sudoku da Kakuro. Sabili da haka, akwai yankunan da ba a sake maimaita lambobi ba kuma yawansu dole ne ya bayar da darajar da aka nuna.
    • Megasudoku: kuna buƙatar sanya lambobi 1 zuwa 12 sun bayyana sau ɗaya kawai a kowane layi, shafi, da murabba'i. Mai kama da na gargajiya amma tare da ƙarin lambobi uku.
    • Minisudoku: Ya bambanta da na gargajiya ta hanyar haɗuwa da ƙaramin adadin murabba'ai.
    • Multisudoku: Ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu yawa na sudoku waɗanda suka haɗu suka zama ɗaya.

    Nasihu don warware Sudoku 🙂

    sudoku giff

    Abu na farko da za'ayi don fara warware Sudoku shine zabi tsarin da zai jagoranta (jere, shafi ko murabba'i). Idan baku zaɓi guda ɗaya ba kuma kuka yi ƙoƙarin yin komai lokaci ɗaya, zaku iya ƙarewa da rikicewa da rikita komai, wanda zai ɗau muku tsawon lokaci sosai a wasan.

    Ka ce, misali, kun zabi fara warwarewa ta layi. Sannan zakuyi nazarin layin farko sannan ku ga waɗanne lambobi ne suke kanshi da kuma waɗanda suka ɓace. Cika wuraren da babu komai tare da lambobin da suka bata, kula da lambobi a cikin shafi don tabbatar bai maimaita kansa ba.

    Bayan warware layin farko, je zuwa layi na biyu kuma maimaita aikin. Duba lambobin da kuka riga kuna da su kuma waɗanne suka ɓace don fara cika su. Idan baka da lamba 1 a layin na biyu, je filin da babu komai a ciki kuma ka rubuta 1. Sannan kalli shafi na wannan murabba'in. Idan lambar 1 ta riga ta wanzu a wannan shafi, cire shi kuma rubuta 1 a wani murabba'i. Ka tuna a koyaushe ka duba idan baka maimaita kowace lambar da ta riga ta kasance a cikin dandalin.

    Bi wannan yanayin har zuwa ƙarshe, kuma zaku iya gina wasanku na Sudoku. A ƙarshe, yana da wuya a sami wuri wanda ya dace da lambobin ba tare da maimaita shi ba, amma komai yana ƙoƙari ne kawai canza lambobin wurin don sauƙaƙawa.

     

    Sudoku: dabaru 🤓

    Anan akwai wasu nasihu da dabaru masu sauƙi don taimaka muku warware puzz din Sudoku.

    Tare da Alamu

    Amfani da alamomi, zaku iya amfani da waɗannan nasihu mai sauƙi (har ma a bayyane):

    Lambar aure

     

    A kowane yanayi, kalli wasan a hankali don ƙwayoyin da suke da lamba ɗaya kawai a cikin alamun. Wannan yana nuna cewa yiwuwar daya ce kawai ga wannan kwayar halitta.

    Lambar ɓoye kawai

    Sau da yawa duba a hankali, zaka iya samun "lambar ɓoye kawai". Wannan lambar ba ta bayyana a cikin alamomin kawai. Shine kadai dan takarar da ke iya jere, layi ko layin 3x3, sai kawai ya bayyana a tsakiyar wasu lambobi. Duba hoton a gefe:

    A cikin wannan hoton, zaku ga cewa lambobi 1 da 8 sun bayyana sau ɗaya kawai a cikin grids 3x3 nasu. Wannan yana nuna cewa dole ne a sanya su cikin waɗancan matsayi.

    hoton sudoku 2

    Ma'aurata marasa aure

    1. Idan a kowane lokaci zaku sami lambobi iri ɗaya kawai a cikin alamun rukuni (jere, shafi ko grid), wannan yana nufin cewa wadannan biyun dole ne su bayyana a cikin wadannan kwayoyi biyu. Kalli hoton a kasa:

    Hoton Sudoku 4

    2. A wannan hoton mun ga cewa lambobi 1 da 3 sun bayyana kai tsaye a cikin sel biyu, saboda haka dole ne a yi amfani da su a cikin ƙwayoyin. Ba mu san abin da lamba ke tafiya a kowace tantanin halitta ba. Koyaya, mun sani cewa lambobi 1 da 3 baza su iya bayyana a cikin sauran ƙwayoyin wofi ba. Saboda haka, muna da damar guda ɗaya kawai a kowannensu.

    Hoton Sudoku 4

    Babu alamun rubutu🤓

    Ga waɗanda ba sa son amfani da kayayyaki, za mu bayyana dabarun da ke da sauƙi da fa'ida sosai.

    Lines tsallaka

    Hanyar layin da aka ƙetare yana yiwuwa Abu na farko da mutane suka koya lokacin da suke wasa Sudoku. Yan wasan suna koyo ta hanyar yi, saboda abu ne mai sauki kuma na asali.

    A ciki, dole ne mai kunnawa ya zaɓi lamba (yawanci wanda yake mafi yawanci a wasan) kuma zana layin kirkira akan layuka da ginshiƙan da wannan lambar ta kasance.

    A cikin misali mai zuwa, mun zabi lamba 9. Mun nemo dukkan wuraren da yake yanzu kuma mun zana wasu layukan layuka akan layuka da ginshikan don nuna cewa ba za a iya sanya lambar 9 a waɗannan wuraren ba. Da zarar an gama wannan, za mu sanya alama a matsayin kyauta a cikin kore.

    hoton sudoku 5

    Note : Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa wasu ƙwayoyin wofi, kodayake ba a kawar da su ta hanyoyin layin ba, ba a yi musu alama ta kyauta ba saboda suna da lamba 9 a cikin layin 3x3 iri ɗaya.

    Ta hanyar nazarin matsayin kyauta, zamu iya ganin cewa a cikin layin 3x3 na tsakiya akwai matsayi kyauta guda ɗaya don lambar 9, saboda haka zamu iya sanya shi a wannan matsayin.

    Da zarar an gama wannan, zamu maimaita aikin layin kirkirar lambar da muka sanya yanzu. Duba sakamakon:

    hoton sudoku 6

    Bugu da ƙari dole ne mu binciki matsayi kyauta don neman sabon motsi. Kamar yadda muke gani, a cikin ƙananan grid ɗin akwai matsayi kyauta guda ɗaya. Sannan zamu iya sanya lambar 9 kuma maimaita aikin da ke sama.

    hoton sudoku 7

    A wannan lokacin matsakaicin matsayi guda ɗaya ya bayyana a cikin kusurwar hagu na ƙananan hagu, don haka muka sanya 9 a wannan matsayin kuma muka ci gaba tare da dabarun.

    hoton sudoku 8

    Yanzu zamu iya ganin cewa muna da matsayi huɗu na kyauta don lambar 9, babu ɗayan da ke da mahimmanci a cikin grid 3x3 da yake ciki. Saboda haka, ba mu san inda za mu sanya 9 ta amfani da wannan dabarar ita kaɗai ba.

    Hanya ɗaya mai yiwuwa ita ce zaɓi sabon lamba kuma maimaita wannan dabarar da aka bayyana. Da alama zaku iya cika yawancin ƙwayoyin ta amfani da wannan dabarar kawai.

    Yanzu kuna da wasu dabaru, ku more kuma ku motsa kwakwalwar ku ta hanyar kunna Sudoku.🙂

    Dokokin Sudoku

    Dalilin wasan

    Sudoku wasa ne da ke buƙatar ɗan lokaci da tunani, amma da zarar kun san dokoki, zai zama da sauƙi a yi wasa da hankali.

    Sudoku gabaɗaya ya ƙunshi tebur 9x9, wanda aka yi shi 9 grids, cewa sun yi Kwayoyin 9 bi da bi.

    Babban ra'ayin wasan shine dan wasan yakamata ku cika tebur da lambobi daga 1 zuwa 9, ba tare da maimaita lambobi akan layi ɗaya ko layin wutar ba.

    Idan kun bi duk waɗannan ƙa'idodi kuma kuna gudanar da cika tebur, to wasan ya ci nasara!

    Dabarar wasa

    Teburin Sudoku an tsara su don samun mafita guda ɗaya Kuma kamar haka, al'ada ne cewa ba mu samu daidai ba a karon farko.

    A kan wannan dalilin ne ya sa yawancin 'yan wasa suka fi son rubuta lambobin a fensir domin a goge su idan sun yi kuskure.

    Adana wurare

    Wani shawarar da za a yi la’akari da shi shine amfani da alamun kasuwanci. Ta alama, muna nufin rubuta hanyoyi daban-daban a cikin kowace tantanin halitta. Wato, idan kwayar halitta zata iya samun lambobi 3 da 9, abinda yafi dacewa shine a nuna (a karamin girma) duka lambobin kuma a warware sauran teburin, har sai adadin da yayi daidai da wannan kwayar ya kai.

    A wasu sifofin Sudoku, waɗannan ƙananan alamun an riga an haɗa su a cikin tebur, don sauƙaƙe ƙudurin su. A cikin waɗannan sifofin waɗanda suka riga sun haɗa da alamomi, akwai wasu dabaru waɗanda zasu taimaka muku warware matsalar:

    Lambar aure

    Duk lokacin da a cikin tebur na Sudoku (tare da alamomi) zaku sami lamba kawai a cikin sel ɗaya, wannan shine sigina cewa akwai yiwuwar kawai guda ɗaya ce ga waccan tantanin halitta, ma'ana, dole ne ka kira lambar nan take a cikin sel.

    Lambar ɓoye kawai

    Sudoku wani lokaci yakan zama wasa mai rikitarwa, amma akwai ƙananan dabaru don taimaka mana gano wasan. Misali, a cikin wasanni inda akwai alamu, wani lokaci mukan sami abin da ake kira "lambar ɓoye kawai".

    Wannan lambar bata bayyana kawai a cikin kwayar halitta ba (tare da wasu lambobi), amma shine kawai ɗan takarar da zai yuwu a jere, shafi ko 3x3 grid.

    Wato, idan a cikin layin 3x3, alal misali, lamba 3 ta bayyana kuma baya bayyana a cikin kowace ƙwayoyin wannan layin, to alama ce ta cewa lamba 3 na wannan tantanin halitta ne.

    Ma'aurata marasa aure

    Duk lokacin da kuka sami lambobi guda ɗaya kawai a cikin alamun layin 3x3, to yana nufin cewa waɗannan biyu dole dole ne ya kasance a cikin waɗannan ƙwayoyin biyu, kawai tambayar da ta taso anan shine wacce zata kasance a cikin kowanne.

    Babu alamun aiki

    Idan sigar ku ta Sudoku bata zo da alamomi ba ko kuma idan baku son amfani da alamomi, akwai wata dabara mai sauki wacce zata taimaka muku ku mallaki wannan wasan.

    Lines tsallaka

    Ana amfani da dabarar layin da aka ƙetare, saboda tsananin sauƙin amfani. Ya kunshi zabi lambar da ke bayyana sau da yawa a cikin tebur duka kuma zana (da fensir don kar a rikice) Lines a cikin layuka da ginshiƙai waɗanda wannan lambar ta haɗu.

    Bayan mun zana dukkan layukan, zamu ci gaba zuwa matakin yiwa kwayoyin alama alama wadanda basu rufe wadannan layin ba. Bayan haka, ana bincika wanne grids 3x3 basu da lamba 9 kuma wanene ke da sarari (ba ketare ba) don sanya shi.

    Da zarar an yi wannan, zabi wani lambar kuma maimaita wannan dabarar, Har sai dukkan kwayoyin halitta sun cika. A ƙarshe, kuna buƙatar bincika idan akwai maimaita lambobi akan layi ɗaya ko layin yanar gizo. Idan babu lambobi masu maimaitawa, to wasan ya ci nasara.

    Wasa lokaci da wahala

    Babu matsakaicin lokaci don kowane wasa na Sudoku, kuma kowane dan wasa na iya jin dadin wasan muddin suna so.

    Wasan Sudoku na iya bambanta tsakanin minti 5 da 45, amma duk ya dogara da kwarewar mai kunnawa da matakin wahalar wasan. A sauƙaƙe, mafi wahalar wasan, ana buƙatar ƙarin tunani, don haka wasan zai ɗauki tsawon lokaci.

    Amma ga wahala, yawanci bayyane yake a cikin taken gidan yanar gizo ko mujallar. Akwai wasanni masu sauƙi ga masu farawa kuma suna da matukar wahala ga ƙwararrun playersan wasa. Ga masana, matakan mafi wahala na iya zama ƙalubale ƙwarai da gaske, yayin da matakan suka fara yin kamala da juna, wanda lambobin suke nunawa. Saboda haka, ban da asali, ku ma kuna buƙatar wata dabara.

    Sabili da haka labarin ya ƙare. Barka da warhaka! Yanzu kun san yadda ake wasa Sudoku, ko kuma aƙalla kuna da isasshen ilimi don warware waɗannan wasanin gwada ilimi!

    Gamesarin wasanni

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    Idan kuka ci gaba da amfani da wannan rukunin yanar gizon ku yarda da amfanin kukis. Ƙarin Bayani