Mandalas

Mandalas Tsari ne waɗanda ke burge mutane da yawa kuma da gaske suke kawo fa'ida ga tunani. Da farko dai, ya zama dole a san cewa ƙirƙirar zane a cikin sifar da'ira wani abu ne da ya tsufa.

Rikodi na farko na mandalas ya samo asali daga ƙarni na XNUMX, a cikin yankin Tibet. Kasancewa a cikin wasu ƙasashe da yawa na Gabas, kamar Indiya, China da ma a Japan A duk wurare kalmar mandala ita ce magana da aka samo daga Sanskrit , wanda ke nufin da'ira. Ana amfani da su gaba ɗaya a cikin al'adun addini ko a matsayin nau'i na maida hankali yayin tunani.

A cikin wannan labarin zaku sami ƙarin sani game da tarihin wannan tsohuwar fasahar da ke ci gaba har zuwa yau da kuma gano menene fa'idodi ga jiki da tunani. Hakanan saboda abu ne wanda gama gari ake samu littattafai para canza launi da jarfa wanda ke wakiltar mafi yawan nau'ikan mandala.

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    Menene mandalas? ☸️

    asalin mandalas

    Mandala kalma ce daga yaren Sanskrit, wanda ake ɗaukarsa mataccen harshe kuma yana nufin da'ira. Koyaya, har wa yau, ana ɗaukar Sanskrit ɗaya daga cikin manyan harsunan hukuma 23 na Indiya, saboda mahimmancinsa ga addinin Hindu da Buddha.

    Don haka, mandalas zane ne na siffofin kimiyyar lissafi . Wato suna haɓaka daga cibiya ɗaya. Daga farkon, ana kiran zane-zane yantras , wanda kalma ce da aka samo asali daga yarukan da ake magana a yankin tsibirin Hindustani don kayan aiki. Wato, mandalas hanyoyi ne na cimma wata manufa ba ita kanta manufar ba. 

    Wannan maƙasudin maƙasudin yana canzawa gwargwadon kowane al'adun da aka lura da su. A mafi yawansu, mandalas suna aiki ne a matsayin wani nau'i na maida hankali ga tunani. Kasancewa ba wai kawai maida hankali kan siffofin ba ne, amma ginin zane shine mafi mahimmancin mahimmanci.

    Za'a iya ƙirƙirar siffofin da abubuwa daban-daban, amma koyaushe suna da launuka iri-iri. Hanyar da ta fi dacewa don ƙirƙirar mandalas ita ce na launuka masu launi akan takarda ko zane. Koyaya, wasu gidajen ibada na Buddha suna kiyaye al'adar yin mandala da baƙin ƙarfe ko itace.

    Akwai wata hanyar don ƙirƙirar mandalas har ma da na musamman, wanda sufayen Buddha ke yi a wasu gidajen ibada a duniya. A cikin waɗannan gidajen ibada, sufaye sunyi nazarin fasahar ƙirƙirar mandalas da su yashi mai launi a lokacin shekaruZanen zai iya daukar awanni ko kwanaki kafin a kammala sannan idan an gama zanen zai lalace nan take. Kawai sai a zubar da kayan da aka yi amfani da su a cikin kogi. Wannan fasaha tana wakiltar cewa komai na rayuwa mai wucewa ne.

    A ina kuma yaushe aka halicce su? 🤓

    Mandalas

    Rikodi na farko na halittar mandala ya dawo zuwa Karni na XNUMX, a yankin da Tibet yake . Tun daga farko, anyi amfani da zane a cikin addinin Buddha a matsayin wani nau'i na natsuwa da taimako a cikin tunani.

    A daidai wannan lokacin an sami mandalas a yankuna na Indiya, China da daga baya a Japan, saboda haka, ba kawai a cikin Buddha ba, har ma a cikin Hindu har ma da Taoism, inda ake ganin alamun yin da yang mandala .

    Koyaya, duk addinai suna ɗaukar hotuna kamar wani abu mai tsarki , wanda galibi yana wakiltar da'irar rayuwa. A wasu fannoni na addinin Buddha, ana wakiltar mandalas a matsayin fadojin gumaka kuma saboda haka suna da tsarki.

    Koyaya, kodayake rubuce-rubucen hukuma na farko sun fito ne daga Gabas, amma an gano cewa asalin mazauna yankin na Amurka suma suna amfani da sifofi na kimiyyar lissafi a cikin al'ada. Musamman a cikin tsafin tsafi masu alaƙa da waraka. Tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, coci ya fara amfani da zane a ciki zane-zanen alfarma da gilashin gilashi a ciki importantes gine-gine .

    A daidai wannan lokacin, tunanin alchemy ya watsu, inda ɗaruruwan masana kimiyya ke nazarin hanyoyin canza kayan. Mandalas an haɗa su a cikin wannan, tun da zane ya bayyana a cikin rubutattun kayan rubutu da yawa waɗanda aka rubuta a lokacin. Don haka, sanannen abu ne cewa ɗan adam koyaushe yana da wani abin sha'awa game da yadda ake gina zane, wanda ke ci gaba har zuwa yau.

    Menene ma'anar?

    asalin mandalas

    Kamar yadda aka riga aka fada, fassarar zahiri na kalmar mandala daga yaren Sanskrit shine da'ira. Anyi amfani da wannan da'irar tsawon ƙarni kamar wakiltar hanyar rayuwa ko kuma manyan gidajen alloli wadanda za'a girmama su. Koyaya, wannan na iya bambanta daga al'ada zuwa al'ada.

    Misali, a cikin addinin Hindu ana amfani da mandalas don wakiltar rayuwa bisa ga tsarin duniya. Anan, suna wakiltar haɗin kai da jituwa a cikin duk abin da ya kamata a yi.

    A cikin addinin Buddha, suna da ƙarfi kayan tunani kamar yadda suke da ikon jawo hankali zuwa ga siffofinsu da launukansu. A cikin addini har yanzu ana iya amfani da su don wakiltar ƙarancin rayuwa, lokacin da aka shirya su da yashi da kuma gidajen alloli.

    A cikin al'adun Taoist, falsafar yin yang tana amfani da wakilcinta na mandala. A nan, haɗin alamomin guda biyu ya zama cikakke kuma yana wakiltar daidaiton da dole ne a kiyaye shi a kowane fanni na rayuwa. A cikin garuruwan da aka fara mulkin mallaka, duk da haka, akwai alamun cewa an yi amfani da zane a cikin bikin warkarwa.

    Waɗanne irin mandala suke? There

    Kamar yadda aka riga aka ambata, ana iya amfani da abubuwa daban-daban don ginin mandalas. Ta wannan hanyar, kowane yana wakiltar wani abu daban, kamar lafiyar mutum ko lafiyar sa, lokacin da aka yi amfani dashi azaman kyauta ga wani. Duba nan manyan nau'ikan mandalas da abin da suke.

    Sand mandala

    Mandala Sand

    Sand mandalas al'ada ce tsakanin sufayen Tibet. A wannan fasahar, ana yin zane-zane a ƙasa tare da yashi mai launi kuma wani abu ne na al'ada a cikin al'adun Buddha.

    Kafin fara ƙirƙirar mandalas yashi, sufaye sun yi nazarin dabarun na tsawon shekaru kuma suna yin zuzzurfan tunani kwanaki kafin su shirya. Aikin yawanci yakan dauki awanni ana shiryawa kuma a karshen komai an jefa shi cikin kogi ko wata hanyar samun ruwan sha.

    Tunanin shine ya wakilci brevity na duk al'amurran rayuwa , tunda komai zai wuce cikin awa daya. Ta wannan ma'anar, suma suna wakiltar sabo ne fara kamar yadda koyaushe yana yiwuwa ƙirƙirar sabon ƙirar yashi.

    Mandala na katako

    Itace Mandala

    Wani misali na al'adun Buddha shine mandalas wanda aka yi shi da abubuwa kamar itace ko ƙarfe. Anan zasu iya ɗaukar sifofi masu girma uku kuma ana amfani dasu gaba ɗaya azaman wakiltar gidan wani allah.

    Ana kuma amfani da su sosai a matsayin kyauta. A wannan ma'anar, ana aiwatar da aikin ta hanyar hadisai da al'adu daban-daban, wanda ke nufin kyakkyawa, tunda yana da kyau karɓar mandala a matsayin kyauta daga wani.

    Ink mandala

    canza launi mandala

     

    A cikin al'adun Hindu ya zama ruwan dare gama gari samun mandalas da aka zana a cikin gidajen ibada da sauran wurare masu tsarki. Ana amfani da launuka masu haske a cikin waɗannan fasahohin, waɗanda galibi wakiltar daban-daban chakras na jiki mutum. A cikin al'adun Hindu suna kama da cibiyoyin makamashi, wanda ya yadu cikin jikin mutum.

    Ta wannan hanyar, launukan launuka da aka yi amfani da su a cikin zane zai zama wata hanya don sake tsara waɗannan chakras kuma ba da damar zagayawa mafi ƙarfi. Ta haka ne tabbatar da ci gaba a cikin ruhaniya da zahirin rayuwa.

    Yadda ake zana mandala a gida? 🤓

    zana mandala a gida

    Sufaye suna nazarin shekaru don ƙirƙirar mandalas masu launi. Koyaya, tare da ɗan yin aiki yana yiwuwa a sha fa'idodin wannan fasaha, ba tare da aiki mai yawa ba. Don yin wannan, zaku iya zana siffofinku ta hanyar bin wasu matakai masu sauƙi har ma da bidiyo akan YouTube.

    Da farko dai, kuna buƙatar zana da'ira akan takardar, kamar yadda mandala ke ma'anar "da'irar". Dole ne ku yi hankali cewa zane ya zama cikakke kamar yadda zai yiwu ', don wannan zaku iya amfani da kamfas ko kwano Ta haka kawai zai yiwu don samun kyakkyawan sakamako na ƙarshe.

    Binciken da'irar, kuna buƙatar nemo tsakiyar kuma zana layi. Sannan zana wani madaidaiciyar layin kuma ci gaba da yin hakan har sai kun sami wadatar. Wannan shine samfurin tushe don duk mandalas da kuke son ƙirƙirawa. Daga can, kawai yi amfani da tunanin ku kuma ƙara bakuna, furanni, siffofin geometric, har ma da kalmomi.

    Amma ka tuna, dole ne su kasance suna da ma'anar keɓaɓɓe a gare ku kuma dole ne ku sadaukar da kanku gaba ɗaya ga wannan aikin. Lokacin da aka gama zanen, a sanya shi cikin launi, amfani da launuka masu haske.

    Mandalas zuwa launi ☸️

    Mandalas ya zama abin faɗi a duniya. Saboda haka, akwai zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa don shirye-shiryen zane da littattafai masu launi. Wannan ya sa mutane da yawa sun zaɓi yin hakan yayin ƙoƙarin neman mafaka daga matsalolin yau da kullun. Idan baku da lokaci ko fasaha don ƙirƙirar mandala ɗinku, ga wasu zane waɗanda zaku iya bugawa da fenti a gida. Duba.

    Shin da gaske akwai fa'idodi don zana mandalas?

    Haka ne, an yi amfani da mandalas tsawon ƙarni a matsayin hanya don haɓaka haɓaka kuma suna da fa'idodi na gaske. Tare da hakan, zana hotunan zai iya taimakawa rage damuwa da damuwa . Ta haka ke bayar da gudummawa don inganta rayuwar.

    Wani mahimmin ma'anar game da mandalas shine cewa saboda son zuciya na ruhaniya, zasu iya zama babban taimako ga duk wanda ke neman wayewa. Ga waɗanda kawai ke son sabon abin sha'awa, za su iya zama babban horo kan zane da fasahar zane.

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